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|Other Titles:||Mechanism Affecting Elementary School Students' Achievement: A Comparison between Taitung County and Taipei Municipality|
Department od Education, NTNU
Probing factors affecting elementary school achievement reveals the extent to which educational opportunity is equal. Earlier studies show that Taitung falls far below metropolitan areas. However, little is said about the mechanisms at play. Identifying these mechanisms is a great step toward effecting a remedy. This study aims to probe the causal mechanisms by comparing achievement date from Taitung County and Taipei Municipality. The results are interpreted in terms of social, cultural capital and local characteristics. Date was gathered from 1051 5th grade students selected by stratified random cluster sampling using questionnaires and achievement tests in Chinese and mathematics developed by the researcher. Standard statistical methods were used. Major findings are summarized below： 1. Achievement in Taitung was found to be lower than Taipei, students from non-aboriginal towns and villages scoring the lowest. It was found that difference was largely attributable to background factors, and intervening variables by controlling for these. 2. The influence of background factors is mediated by intervening variables such as cultural and social capital, financial capital and educational aspirations. 3. Specific cultural resources (betel-nut, cigarettes, alcohol, personal hygiene, homework completion, etc.) relate to academic achievement. 4. Evidence supports the influence of social capital inside the family, but social capital outside the family has little influence on academic achievement. 5. Aboriginal achievement is significantly lower than non-aboriginal achievement, after controlling for intervening variables. Characteristics of aboriginal life contributing to lower performance include, low educational aspiration, specific life or learning habits, low SES, incomplete family structure or functions. Suggestions for government policy, for family, school and social educational practices are include in the study as well as for further study and limitations of this stud
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究集刊|
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