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|Other Titles:||A Cognitive Model of Drinking among Taiwanese Indigenous Adolescents: The Influence of Alcohol Expectancies and Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy|
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education
|Abstract:||原住民青少年飲酒是一重要的議題。本研究旨在探討飲酒效果預期與拒酒的自我效能對原住民青少年飲酒行為的影響。本研究以分層隨機選樣，選取臺灣東部六所高 中職學校一至三年級學生，以自我填答的方式收集資料，共回收500份有效問卷。研究結果以多元回歸分析。結果顯示，原住民青少年對飲酒有正向效果預期（如 降低壓力、增加自信、提升認知），在社交壓力下，最無法拒絕飲酒，其飲酒頻率亦會顯著增加。可見，飲酒效果預期與拒酒的自我效能，兩者對原住民青少年的飲 酒行為有顯著的影響。本研究結果將可作為預防原住民青少年飲酒的參考策略。|
Indigenous adolescents' alcohol use is an important issue in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to use a cognitive model of drinking to analyze how alcohol-use expectations and drinking-refusal self efficacy influence drinking behavior among Taiwan's indigenous adolescents. A total of 500 students randomly selected from 10th to 12th grades of six high schools in eastern Taiwan participated in the survey. Survey data was self-reported and analyzed with multiple linear regression methods. The results showed that indigenous adolescents have positive-outcome expectations for drinking, such as increasing self-confidence, enhancing cognition, and relieving tension. Under pressure of social interaction, drinking is most difficult to refuse; frequency of usage will noticeably increase, as well. Both drinking expectations and drinking-refusal self-efficacy have noticeable influences on indigenous adolescents. This study's results can be used as a foundation for a strategy to prevent problem drinking of Taiwan's indigenous adolescents.
|Appears in Collections:||教育學報|
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