Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/77345300/17857
Title: An Examination of Theories of Aesthetic Development with Implication for Future Research
Other Titles: 審美發展理論之探討及其對未來研究之意義
Authors: 陳瓊花
Jo Chiung-Hua Chen
Issue Date: Oct-1997
Publisher: 國立臺灣師範大學研究發展處
Office of Research and Development
Abstract: 審美能力的發展,與個人在思考、及回應美感物體的能力方面之逐漸成長有關。這種能力的表現,為知覺與認知的心智活動,不同於創作一件作品的能力,但是,創作的經驗是有助於審美能力的提昇。事實上,這兩種能力的發展,交織著個人全面的藝術成長。本文檢視自1937至1995年間所發表的30件相關之研究發現,審美發展之理論與研究,大體上可歸納為兩類:一類為探討審美能力中某些特定要素的發展結構;另一類為探討整體性審美能力階段發展的結構。這些研究指出審美能力普遍性的概要,從初學者到專家,審美的能力從粗淺、大略而至於廣博、深入。審美的經驗有待拓展,審美的技巧與觀念必需加以訓練。從發展的整體現象而言,審美的能力具有漸趨成長的普遍性存在,但就個人本身的發展而言,隨著個人所處環境、教育、文化等因素的影響,而有各種不同的成長情況。目前的理論與研究,反應出西方文化教育的結果。審美的能力因為文化的差異會是如何的發展,實有待未來予以探討。此外,在審美的能力方面,除了審美的判斷之外,有關審美的觀念,美術史的知識,或是個人的藝術經驗等的發展情形,均值得作深入的瞭解。
This study investigates theories of aesthetic development from 1937 to 1995. These theories fall into two categories: those which examine some specific elements of a developmental structure, and those which looked for a holistic stage structure of aesthetic development. This study shows that both of these theories indicate a universal scheme that aesthetic abilities are related to an individual's cognitive development and experiences with art. Because these empirical findings of predicting developmental levels only reflect an educated Westerner's development in this domain, this implies a non-universal possibility that individual aesthetic growth might follow different paths and speeds. Therefore, cultural differences in developmental levels needs to be further explored.
URI: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw//handle/77345300/17857
Other Identifiers: F2DE40BD-7EE3-B279-5B1B-02B80C9C9CF2
Appears in Collections:師大學報

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