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|Other Titles:||A Study on Biology Cognitive Pre-ferences of Junior High Students|
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In this study, the Test of Biology Cognitive Preference (TBCP) was developed andemployed to assess the biology cognitive preference styles of the 7th grade students in Taipeiarea. The relations between biology cognitive preferences and school types and certainstudent's background characteristics were investigated. The results showed that the reliability and validity of the TBCP were satisfactory. The internal consistency reliabilities ofthe R'P Q'A modes were 0.86, 0.79, 0.90 and 0.67 respectively. Varimax factor analysis of the TBCP scores revealed two factors '. Factor I represents "Critical questioning",while factor 2 represents "Knowledge application." Both the intercorrelation among the fourcognitive preference modes and factor analysis supported the existence of two bipolar axes,namely Q-R and A-P. The subjects exhibited a strong preference for the P(Principles) mode and a weak preference for the R(Recall) mode. The rank order of the extent of preference from highest to lowest was P > A> Q > R. This indicated that the 7th graders preferred identifying principlesfrom the biological information presented to them, to memorizing biological facts. There were significant differences in biology cognitive preferences between male and female subjects, and among student groups of different school types. The males exhibited apreference order of P >A>R> Q, while the females exhibited a preference order of A > P> Q > R. Students of large schools exhibited a lower preference for the R mode than thoseof small and medium schools, and exhibited a higher preference for the Q mode than thoseof medium schools. Students of medium schools had a higher preference for P mode thanthose of small and large schools. Significant differences in biology cognitive preferenceswere also found among students grouped by parents' occupations. In addition, the I.Q. scoreswere positively correlated with Q mode and negatively correlated with R mode.
|Appears in Collections:||師大學報|
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