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|Other Titles:||Before the Impressionism: The Embryonic Stage and Development of Western Landscape Paninting|
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|Abstract:||Landscape painting originated from the love of nature, in pre-historic ages, NATURE and DANGER were almost synonyms. People hardly mentioned it with a feeling of awe. The praise of nature's beauty only existed in poets' works, handed down to us only in written forms. While in medieval ages, religious figures were the major objects of artists' portrayal. If Giotto had given up the gold foil for the sketchy sky, hills and trees as the background of his paintings of religious figures, and let's suppose the would-be landscape background had been regardedas the origin of landscape painting, it might have taken even logner time and more efforts by those artists who had unusual passion for nature to promote the place of landscapr painting in fine arts from that of unnoticeable background or foil to that of an independent genre. In the first place, the daily plates of religious lessons in a calender form painted by Pol de Limbourg brothers for le duc de Berry have been considered to be one of the masterpieces in the history of landscape painting. Nevertheless, it is at most the <<1'enluminure>> in religious books. Due to the emerging of the humanism in the Renaissance, painters were beginning to follow Aristotle's concept that "art is the imitation of nature." They endeavored to duplicate nature with their boundless imagination. Of course, at that time, landscape paintig only had its role as "background" though. The pure landscape painting grew to maturity around the seventeenth century. There were outstanding landscape painters in Netherlands, Flanders and Italy. In particular, there appeared a special kind of Indscape painting of "pastoral scenery" in Netherlands, which was totally different from the Italian landscape painting of noble temperament whose subject matters were mostly about historical events. Among them, Ruysdael and Hobbema are two of the best. The French painters Poussin and Lorrain, Who lived in Italy most of the time, devoted themselves to the elaboration|
|Appears in Collections:||師大學報|
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