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|Other Titles:||A Discussion of 「Heaven Produced the Virtue that is in Me」 in the Confucian Analects|
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Since ancient times there have been several interpretations of Confucius’ “Heaven produced the virtue that is in me*.” Does this “virtue (der2)” mean our human inner “nature (xing4)” or outer behavior? What is the relationship between this (der2) and “na- ture” in the Doctrine of the Mean (zhong1-yong1)? Moreover, what are the correlations (if any) between “Heaven produced the virtue that is in me” and “What heaven has conferred is called nature**?” The present paper focuses on these still undecided issues. First, 1 analyze the necessary features of “virtue” and “nature” in the Analects. Then, I further explore the meaning of these terms in the light of the Confucian view of “wisdom(zhi4) " and “humaneness (ren2),” and the theory of “sincerity(cheng2) and intelligence (ming2)” in the Doctrine of the Mean. Finally, I conclude that human “nature(xing4)” is the same as “virtue (der2),” since “Heaven produced the virtue that is in me.” This strongly sug- gests the Confucian (ru2chia1) origin of the notion that “What hea- ven has conferred is called nature” in the Doctrine of the Mean.
|Appears in Collections:||師大學報|
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