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Title: 王船山對禪佛的闢評
Other Titles: Wanf Chuan-Shan's Critical Opinions on Buddhism
Authors: 陳郁夫
Issue Date: Jun-1987
Publisher: 國立臺灣師範大學研究發展處
Office of Research and Development
Abstract: 一、導論 (一)船山全力闢佛的原因 (二)船山「希張橫渠之正學」實用以闢佛二、本論-船山立論無-且與佛家相反 (一)以「實有」斥佛家「空妄」 (二)以「生動」破佛家「寂滅」 (三)以「理一分殊」、「形色天性」斥佛家「二本無分」、「賤形貴性」 (四)據「理欲同行」而責佛家「離欲言理」 (五)以「貞生死」斥佛家「重生死」 (六)辨「道心人心」以斥佛家「離性言心」 (七)重「學思」以斥佛家「不學不思」三、結論
Wang Chuan-shan (1619-1692), was described as Chang Tsai's (1020-1079) successor. He was the inauguratpr of Chinese philosophy of the modern era, strongly criticizing Buddhism, for he took Buddhism as one of the three sources of intellectual poison in China (Taoisim, Legalism, Buddhism) He contended that the world consists of only "Chi" (concrete things). "Chi" is not just simple stuff; it possesses an order and exhibits definite principles inherent in it. He conceived of the universe as a process of continuous production and reproduction. In this process, the "Yin" and "Yang" elements/of material force are in constant fusion and intermingling, so that both material force and principles are daily renewed. Because the emptiness and quietness in Buddhism are top abstract for him, he vigorously attacked them. He refused to accept the concept of the contrast between principles and human desires and the subordination of the latter. Opposed to Buddhism, he insisted that physical nature was just as good as human nature itself and considered Buddhists sitting in meditation as a waste of time and a sure cause of lacking in learing. He analyzed the mind into two parts - the mind of Human and the mind of Heaven and regarded Buddhists as only knowing the mind of Human (the same as animals). None of Neo-Confucianists had fulminated Buddhism as violently as Wang Chuan-shan. But he confused Buddhism and Zen Buddhism and could not truly understand Buddhist teachings.
Other Identifiers: 48769E19-4CEE-0346-EDDF-7954DF9373E2
Appears in Collections:師大學報

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