Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Other Titles:||The Effectiveness of a Conceptual Approach to Dental Health Instruction in Elementary School|
Office of Research and Development
|Abstract:||學童口腔衛生是學校衛生中的重要課題，研究不同的教學法對口腔衛生教學的影響，是目前國內急需進行的方向。本研究的目的在探討以觀念教學法對國小四年級學童實施口腔衛生教學之後，學童的口腔衛生知識和行為有無改變，以及與傳統教學法之效果做一比較。同時也研究學童有無接受口腔衛生教學，其知識之獲得與行為改變之間有無相關存在。本研究採所羅門四組實驗設計，於民國六十八年二、三月間，以台北市龍安國小四年級學生隨機抽取六班271人為對象進行實驗研究。問卷調查的資料以統計方法分析處理呈現，結論如下：1. 是否對四年級學生以觀念教學法做口腔衛生教學，兩組學生的口腔衛生知識和行為改變有顯著差異。2. 是否對四年級學生以傳統教學法做口腔衛生教學，兩組學生的口腔衛生知識和行為改變有顯著差異。3. 對四年級學生以不同的教學法做口腔衛生教學後，兩組學生的口腔衛生知識和行為改變沒有顯著差異。4. 四年級學生口腔衛生知識之獲得與行為改變之間成正相關。5. 四年級學生的口腔衛生知識對行為的影響程度，有否教學沒有顯著差異。6. 四年級學生的口腔衛生知識對行為的影響程度，在不同教學法教學下，沒有顯著差異。|
Students' dental health is one of the significant subjects of school health. To find out the effectiveness of different approaches to dental health instruction is one of the urgent subjects reeding research.The purpose of the research was to determine whether there was any change in 4th grade students' dental health knowledge and practice after dental health instruction, and compare the conceptual approach and traditional approach. Also to determine the relationship between the knowledge gained from dental health instruction and behavior change among the students.The Solomon four group experimental design was used in this study. Six 4th grade classes, a total of 271 students of Lon-An primary School of Taipei City, were randomly selected as the subjects of the study. The data from the questionnaire survey was collected during February and March 1979 and analized by statistical treatment. The following conclusions were made;1. There is significant difference between the dental health Knowledge and behavior change of the two group of students, depending on whether the 4th grade students have the conceptual approach to dental health instruction or not.2. There is significant difference between the dental health knowledge and behavior change of the two group of students, depending on whether the 4th grade students have the traditional approach to dental health instruction or not.3. There is no significant difference between the dental health knowledge and behavior change of the two group students, depending on whether the 4th grade students have the conceptual approach or the traditional approach to dental health instruction.4. There is a positive relationship between dental health knowledge gained and behavior change of 4th grade students.5. The correlation between the 4th grade students dental health knowledge gained and behavior the 4th grade students dental health knowledge and dental health practice remains the same health instruction in given or not.6. The correla
|Appears in Collections:||師大學報|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.