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Department of Chinese, NTNU
This article focuses on discussing the interpretation of the dispute between Chu Hsi and Lu, Xiang-Shan by Mou, Zong-Sang in his book of “From Lu, Xiang-Shan to Liu Ji-Shan”. In Mou, Zong-Sang’s opinion, he always supports Lu Xiang-Shan and opposes Chu Hsi. But his criticizing opining are all basing on Lu’s original talking only with a Neo-Confucianismlinguistic transformation. At the later part of Chapter 2 in this book, it seems that when he finds more and more reasonable points in Chu Hsi thinking, then he jump into intuitivism in order to defend for Lu, Xiang-Shan, and thus made himself falling into Zen Buddhism’s theoretical style. Therefore, Mou suggests some passive points to define Chu Hsi’s thinking which including“learning from the base and reaching to the top”, and “an acquired efforts”. Then he creates some other positive theories to describe Lu, Xiang-Shan what are “intuitivism”, “an insight model”, “conscience arising autonomy”, “sanctity innately”. Besides, Chu Hsi had once criticized Lu, Xiang-Shan as having a bad personal character, but Mou did never taken serious with it. Mou, Zong-Sang argues that Chu’s practical theory is a kind of knowledge orientation, however, Lu’s is individual’s innate willing, therefore, Chu’s critic will be useless. This article will point that there dosen’t exist so-called Chu Hsi’s theories suggested by Mou, and those theories belonging to Lu Xiang-Shan said by Mou are also existed in Chu’s philosophy. Mou, Zong-Sang’s understand about the dispute between Chu and Lu seriously hurts the correct meaning of Chu Hsi philosophy.
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