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Title: 中國的公民教育與威權韌性:教科書的政治社會化
Other Titles: The Chinese Citizenship Education and Authoritarian Resilience: Political Socialization of the Textbooks
Authors: 宋佩芬
Pei-Fen Sung
Issue Date: Jun-2014
Publisher: 教育研究與評鑑中心
Center for Educational Research and Evaluation
Abstract: 2001年中間進行了基礎教育課程改革,而使其政治課及道德課程有了大幅度的轉變,然而其內涵為何,目前的研究仍十分有限。本研究透過詮釋性的文本分析檢視現行中國的初中及小學公民教科書,並從政治學的觀點發現「制度化」及「中國民族主義」對這些教科書的影響,其效果可使中共之「威權韌性」得以強化。從政治社會化的角度觀之,教科書透過現代化的公民教育課程內容及方法使中共執政的說服力加強;教科書在進步的課程中包裝電國等於愛中華民帳,又等於愛黨的觀念,激發中國民族主義,使新一代的中國人民相信必須支持中共政權才能促使國家富強與統一。本文認為中共政權的韌性代表中國的公民培養在一些重要的價值觀點上─非賦權的自由民主觀念、犧牲個人完成集體的價值、國家民族至上的觀念、愛中國共產黨的思想等,仍與臺灣的公民教育具有本質上的差異。而臺灣政府及民眾必須瞭解巾國在開放政策下的公民教育本質,以思考如何與其交流,尋求兩岸的和平與自由。
China launched its Basic Education Reform in 2001 , which made great changes in its political and moral education. Using the interpretive text analysis method, this study examines current Chinese elementary and junior-high school civics textbooks, and explains how “ institutionalization" and “Chinese nationalism" have significant effects on the textbooks that strengthen the authoritarian resilience of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). From the political socialization point of view, the textbooks not only legitimize the CCP rule by the modernized and progressive civics curricula and methods, but serve to equate ideas of loving the state, loving the Chinese nation, and loving the CCP for the purpose of promoting Chinese nationalism, so that the new generation may believe that they should support the regime in order to be wealthy, strong and unified. This paper argues that the authoritarian resilience of CCP implies that China's citizenship education will continue to be different from Taiwan's in significant ways: the non-empowering ideas of democracy, the value of selfsacrifice for the collective, the notion of upholding the nation-state above the individual, and the idea of loving CCP. I believe that Taiwan needs to know thenature of China's citizenship education in its open policy, and think about how to interact with it for peace and freedom across the Taiwan Strait.
Other Identifiers: E7723631-136C-A56B-927E-9D9BB3A22CA4
Appears in Collections:當代教育研究

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