Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Other Titles:||The Growth and Decline of the Catholic Church in Taiwan:An Analysis of Two Maryknoll Mission Areas|
Department of Taiwan Culture, Languages, and Literature, NTNU
The Catholic Church in Taiwan had a rapid growth since 1949 after the large influx of missionaries and Mainlanders from China. In the early to mid-1960s, the rate of conversions began to slow, then decreased steeply. Many believe that materialism and consumerism resulted from Taiwan’s economic growth and urbanization had pulled people away from the Church. By analyzing the documents of two Maryknoll missionary regions, the diocese of Taichung and the deanery of Miaoli, I argue that the falling off of Church membership was due to a complicated set of causes, including the Church’s decreasing political, economic, and moral power. By the end of 1950s, US had been unwilling to back KMT’s recovery of China.In the mid-1960s, US’s engagement in Vietnam and domestic turmoil limited its geo-political power in Asia and its capacity to support Taiwan. All these led to the weakening of the Church’s political power. Also the decrease in dependency of the Taiwanese on US relief goods reduced the Church’s economic power. The Second Vatican Council generatedcontroversy among many clergy and laity and the image of the Church as an authoritative but benevolent Father lost its old clarity. In the process of urbanization, many Taiwanese and aboriginal Catholics who migrated to the cities were excluded by the Mainlander-dominated urban parishes. With the rise of Taiwanese national consciousness in the late 1970s, the bishops and Chinese clergy’s firm stand on the side of the KMT constituted a further obstacle to the flourishing of the Catholic Church among the Taiwanese.
|Appears in Collections:||台灣學誌|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.