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|Other Titles:||Children's Understanding of Concealing Emotion|
Department of Educational Psychology, NTNU
The purpose of this study was to explore how children's understanding of concealing emotion varied as a function of age, gender, and contexts. Participants were 153 children who were interviewed individually. Results indicated that children's understanding of the necessity to conceal emotions increased with age. They were more able to identify the necessity to conceal emotions in self-protective and negative contexts. Furthermore, eight-year-old children were better at perceiving the demands of concealing emotions in prosocial contexts than six-year-olds. On the other hand, in self-protective contexts, six-year-olds were better than the four-year-old group to identify the demands to conceal emotions. Girls were better at perceiving the needs to conceal negative, rather than positive, emotions. No differences across emotion valences were found for boys. Older children were better than the younger ones in understanding effective ways to conceal emotions. In addition, children across age groups understood effective ways to conceal emotions more in the contexts of self-protection and negative emotions. Lastly, the degree of disguise (i.e. the intensity of facial expression of replaced emotion) was stronger when children tried to conceal negative rather than positive emotions.
|Appears in Collections:||教育心理學報|
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