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|Other Titles:||The Effectiveness of the "Spiral Model" Instruction and Supervision, and the Interventions Learning Experience of Master Level Group Counseling Trainees|
Department of Educational Psychology, NTNU
The purpose of this study was to apply the "Spiral Model" in the instruction and supervision for training group counselors in master’s programs. The effectiveness of the training project and the depth experience of trainees’ learning about intervention were also investigated. Fourteen novice group counselors were invited to participate in this study and join this project, which included six-session instruction and ten-session supervision with the experience of leading a counseling group. The "Scale of Process Intervention in Counseling Groups" and "Group Leader Self-Efficacy Instrument" both were used to assess the effectiveness. The trainees' learning experience was examined by an open-ended questionnaire and were analyzed using by the transcripts.Results showed significant changes in the competency of process intervention, whereas the leaders' self-efficacy became higher along the process. Specifically, the competence of "interpersonal connecting", "individual work and change", and "whole group work" were significantly improved with the supervision. Impressive learning of specific techniques for group facilitating were found in listening and empathy, basic skills, moderating and communication balance, connecting, topics initial and focus, blocking, concreting and goals clarifying, modeling, and exploration, and using the group resource. Furthermore, difficulties and solution were found in culture building, impact of members' withdrawal, silence and impasse, and treatment of difficult members. Recommendations for practice, instruction, and supervision are discussed.
|Appears in Collections:||教育心理學報|
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