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Department of Educational Psychology, NTNU
|Abstract:||本研究旨在探討Enright 寬恕介入方案對因遭遇人際傷害而使用藥物者之短期與長期介入效果。二十四位受試者隨機分派至實驗組—寬恕介入方案組或對照組—藥物戒斷組。實驗前、後及追蹤期施以Enright 寬恕量表、Beck 憂鬱量表、Coppersmith 自尊量表、Spielberger 焦慮量表、Spielberger 憤怒量表及Lin 藥物依賴量表。研究結果發現：在短期效果上，實驗組在寬恕態度、自尊分數顯著高前測，在憂鬱、焦慮與藥物依賴顯著低於前測；在追蹤效果上，實驗組在寬恕態度、自尊分數顯著高於追蹤後測，在憂鬱、焦慮與藥物依賴顯著低於追蹤後測。本研究對因人際傷害而使用藥物者提供了另一個有效的介入方案。|
The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of Enright forgiveness intervention with substance abusers who have been hurt in domestic interpersonal relationships. In this study, the researcher examined the relative merits of Enright’s forgiveness intervention and an alternative treatment intervention for adults. The researcher recruited 12 experiment and 12 alternative treatment participants. The participants were administrated these six measures at pretest, posttest, and follow-up test: the Enright Forgiveness Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory-II, the Coppersmith Self- Esteem Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Spielberger State-trait Anger Scale, and the Lin Vulnerability to Drug Use Scale. The results showed that the experiment group had significantly greater gains in forgiveness, and self-esteem, and greater decreases in depression, anxiety, and vulnerability to drug use from pretest to posttest. Furthermore, the experimental group had significantly greater gains in forgiveness, and self-esteem, and greater decreases in depression, anger, anxiety, and vulnerability to drug use from pretest to a 4-weeks follow-up. The level of forgiveness was significantly negatively correlated with depression, anger, anxiety, and vulnerability to drug use, and positively correlated with self-esteem at posttest.
|Appears in Collections:||教育心理學報|
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