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Research on the Work Motivations and Job Performance to Facilitate the Employability of College Students：A Case Study of Summer Community-Industry Internships
Wu Ming Xiong
Song Guang Ying
Plan of summer community-industry internships
The purpose of this study is to realize the relationship between college students’ motivational factors, job performance, and their employability. In order to reach this goal, a questionnaire survey mainly based on documents was conducted. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire used in this study were both statistically verified. A total of 361 questionnaires were delivered to college students who participated in summer internships in community industry, and 309 copies were returned. Among the returned 309 copies, 274 copies were categorized as effective questionnaires, and the effective response rate was 88.67%. The quantitative analysis of the questionnaires was conducted through descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, factor analysis, independent-samples t test, paired sample t test, stepwise multiple regression analysis, and path analysis. The findings are displayed as follows: 1. Students believed gaining social experience, work discipline, work attitude, and collaborative abilities to be the most important. The questionnaires showed that students who took part in the internships realized that a good internship experience could increase their on-the-job personal growth and team engagement, and thereby facilitating the employability. 2. In terms of students’ gender, educational systems, and past internship experiences, there was partially significant difference in work motivation and job performance, but no significant difference on employability. Therefore, in order to enhance the effects of employability, it would be worthwhile to expand the internship programs for all university students and technical and vocational college students. 3. For those who participated in summer internships, their motivational factors were positively affected their job performance and employability. Also, their job performance was positive affected employability. Moreover, their motivational factors through job performance affected their employability. It could be said that participating the internship program could provide an effective transitional platform for college and university students from the classroom to the work place, and had significantly effects in employability. Finally, according to the above findings, ten suggestions were proposed for the study participants and future researchers
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