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A Study on the Role Pressure of Chief of Behavior Section of Public Junior High Schools in Taiwan
Chief of Behavior Section
locus of control
Principal's Leading Type
Public Junior High Schools in Taiwan
The purpose of this study is to understand the current situation of role pressure on chiefs of behavior section of public junior high schools in Taiwan and explore their related factors including variables of different background of teachers (such as sex, seniority, marital status, education background, school size and area who taught), conscious of principal’s leadership behaviors and locus of control. The results will be available for the reference of those who make researches on the improvement of school administrative systems. The study adopted questionnaire survey method that we conducted a survey among chiefs of behavior section of public junior high schools in 22 counties and cities (including Taipei County, I-lan County, Taoyuan County, Hsinchu County, Miaoli County, Taichung County, Changhua County, Nantou County, Yunlin County, Chiayi County, Tainan County, Kaohsiung County, Pingdong County, Hualian County, Keelung City, Hsinchu City, Taichung City, Chiayi City, Tainan City, Taipei City and Kaohsiung City) around Taiwan. Total 691 questionnaires were distributed and 422 effective questionnaires returned. The usability ratio was 63.97%.In statistics, frequency distribution, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis and Scheffe’ method for post comparison were used to make analysis and test. Ⅰ、 The study found that role pressure aspects in the order from the highest to the lowest were role conflict, amount role overload, quality role overload and role ambiguity. Ⅱ、 For the variables of background: 1. Sex: The quility role overload pressure of female chiefs of behavior sections was slightly higher than male chiefs of behavior sections.Others were no significant difference. 2. Marital Status: In the role conflict pressure, there was no significant difference between those who were unmarried and those who had married. In others pressure, unmarried chiefs of behavior sections had the higher pressure. 3. Educational Background: The quility role overload pressure of those who graduated from various credit classes had higher pressure those who graduated from graduate schools. Others were no significant difference. 4. Accumulated Seniority of Chiefs of Behavior Sections: In the pressure of role ambiguity and quality role overload, those who were two to five years of seniority had higher pressure than those who were more than ten years. 5. Areas who taught: The role ambiguity pressure of those who taught in county areas were higher than those who taught in metropolitan areas. The amount role overload pressure of those who taught in metropolitan areas were higher than those who taught in county areas. Others were no significant difference. 6. Numbers of School Classes: There was no slightly difference in role conflict pressure. Beside, the schools of less than 12 classes had higher pressure than those schools of 25 to 60 classes. Ⅲ、The degrees of integral role pressure that the chiefs of behavior sections felt were different with their personal locus of control. Those who were inclined to external control had more significant pressure than those who were inclined to internal control. Ⅳ、A chief of behavior section would feel different integral role pressures with different principal’s leadership behaviors. In the pressure of role conflict and amount role overload, high initiation and low consideration had higher pressure than high initiation and high consideration. In the pressure of role ambiguity and quality role overload, low initiation and high consideration had higher pressure than high initiation and high consideration.
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