Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/97580
Title: 字彙與聽力學習後設認知策略覺察與行動語言學習準備度關係之研究-以台灣國中英語學習者為例
The Relationship between Metacognitive Vocabulary and Listening Learning Strategy Awareness and Mobile-Assisted Language Learning Readiness: A Study of Taiwanese Junior High School Learners of English
Authors: 林至誠
Chih-Cheng Lin
吳德彥
De-Yan Wu
Keywords: 後設認知字彙學習策略覺察
後設認知聽力學習策略覺察
行動語言學習準備度
metacognitive vocabulary learning strategy awareness
metacognitive listening learning strategy awareness
mobile language learning readiness
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: 本研究旨在探討,在台灣以英語為外語學習(EFL)的國中學生,其字彙及聽力學習的後設認知策略覺察,與使用手機學習字彙及聽力準備度之間的關係。本研究採用問卷調查法,使用的問卷包含五個部份:受試者個人基本背景資料、字彙行動學習準備度問卷、聽力行動學習準備度問卷、後設認知字彙學習策略覺察問卷、以及後設認知聽力策略覺察問卷(MALQ)。 在預試中,總共回收251份有效問卷。將回收問卷後所得的資料進行主成分分析(principal components analysis),經過刪題並且分類命名後,得到以下正式問卷:字彙及聽力行動學習準備度問卷將受試者的準備度分為三個層面(aspects),分別是熟悉度(Familiarity)、態度(Attitude)、及經驗(Experience)。後設認知字彙學習策略覺察問卷是用以探究受試者在選擇性注意(Selective Attention)、自我驅動(Self-Initiation)、及強化鞏固(Consolidation)三個要素(components)的覺察情形。而後設認知聽力策略覺察問卷,則將受試者的後設認知聽力策略覺察狀況分為五個要素來評估:問題解決(Problem Solving)、計畫評估(Planning/Evaluation)、專注學習(Directed Attention)、心智翻譯(Mental Translation)、及個人知識(Person Knowledge)。 接著以正式問卷施測,共回收877份有效問卷,將問卷調查所得資料進行描述統計、獨立樣本t考驗、單因子變異數分析(one-way ANOVA)和多元迴歸分析(multiple regression analysis)等統計方法後,獲得下列結論: 一、受試者的性別,對其字彙及聽力後設認知學習策略覺察,以及其行動學習準備度無顯著影響。 二、受試者的就讀年級、英語程度(全民英檢通過狀況)以及手機持有與使用的時間,對其字彙及聽力策略後設認知策略覺察,以及其行動學習準備度有顯著影響。 三、受試者的後設認知字彙學習策略覺察,與其行動學習準備度有顯著相關;並且此後設認知策略覺察可用以預測其字彙行動學習之準備度。 四、受試者的後設認知聽力策略覺察,與其行動學習準備度有顯著相關;並且此後設認知策略覺察可用以預測其聽力學習之準備度(個人知識除外)。 本研究認為,若能提升學習者的整體英語能力,並且若能長時間的持有與使用手機學習,可以提升學習者的字彙及聽力後設認知學習策略覺察,以及其字彙及聽力行動學習的準備度。此外,若能提升學習者字彙及聽力的後設認知學習策略覺察,亦能提升其字彙及聽力行動學習的準備度。
Educators are looking into the opportunities and concerns brought by the integration of mobile technologies and language learning. Although m-learning has been thought to be effective and beneficial, few studies have investigated learners’ perception and their readiness towards using these technologies in language learning. The present study intends to explore the relationship between the metacognitive vocabulary and listening learning strategy awareness and the readiness towards mobile-assisted English learning among Taiwanese junior high school EFL students. In the pilot study, a total of 251 participants completed the four questionnaires as the research instruments: a metacognitive vocabulary learning strategy awareness questionnaire, a Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire (MALQ), a mobile vocabulary learning readiness questionnaire, and a mobile listening learning readiness questionnaire. Their readiness towards mobile learning was assessed in terms of familiarity, attitude, and experience was assessed. The metacognitive vocabulary learning strategy questionnaire was used to investigate the learners’ awareness of metacognitive vocabulary learning strategies with respect to Selective Attention, Self-Initiation, and Consolidation. The MALQ evaluated their awareness and perceived use of listening strategies in five components, including problem solving, planning-evaluation, directed attention, mental translation, and person knowledge. After the principal components analysis (PCA), the questionnaires were revised and administered in the main study. A total of 877 copies of questionnaires were collected and analyzed. The results of the analysis revealed that the learners’ current grade levels, proficiency levels and ownership duration had significant influence not only on their readiness towards mobile vocabulary and listening learning, but also on their metacognitive vocabulary and listening strategy awareness. In addition, with the multiple regression analysis, the learners’ awareness of metacognitive vocabulary strategy in general was found to be significantly related to their mobile vocabulary learning readiness. The three aspects of readiness could be good predictors of the learners’ mobile vocabulary learning readiness. Furthermore, it was also found that the learners’ metacognitive listening strategy awareness in general was related to their mobile listening learning readiness. The five components of the awareness except person knowledge were also good predictors of their readiness.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0599211116%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/97580
Other Identifiers: GN0599211116
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