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Titel: 我國民航機師赴海外發展生涯歷程之研究
A Study of the Career Development Path of Taiwan Airlines Pilots Working Oversea
Autoren: 余 鑑
于俊傑
Yu Jian
Yu Chin-chen
丁立騰
Ting Li-Tieng
Stichwörter: 民航機師
生涯發展
生涯錨
Airlines pilots
Career Development Path
Career Anchor
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Zusammenfassung: 正當全世界面臨金融風暴衝擊之際,新流感疫情也正迅速向全球漫延。回顧21世紀迄今,短短不到十年,已經發生了911、SARS等重大事件,對個人與組織之生涯發展,都造成重大的影響。因此,本研究以我國民航機師為個案,探討其赴海外發展的生涯歷程,並對其生涯錨做進一步深入瞭解。 本研究目的旨在探討我國民航機師赴海外發展之海外工作現況、生涯歷程及生涯錨。為達此目的,本研究採用質性多重個案研究方法。首先透過文獻探討,瞭解民航機師、生涯發展以及生涯錨等方面相關之理論;其次,依據研究目的及文獻探討資料形成訪談大綱,根據研究定義選取六位赴海外發展之我國民航機師,在徵得同意後,逐一進行訪談。在訪談後隨即轉錄成為逐字稿,進行分析,並提出建議。研究發現分為三部分:(一)我國長期培育之成熟具經驗民航機師已有流失的現象,並轉往大陸、韓國、越南及中東等地區發展,目前在海外均適應良好,並未受到金融海嘯裁員減薪的波及。(二)影響生涯發展的外在因素有:國家政經政策、組織經營方式、管理者的心態、官職升遷制度、晉升機長制度等;內在因素有:士氣、尊重與信任、平安退休、不把雞蛋放在同一個籃子裡、進步的動力、趁年輕、工作滿足、中期生涯階段之生涯高原問題等。(三)不同生涯階段有不同之生涯錨,而且同時可能擁有多個生涯錨。民航機師在副駕駛階段所奮鬥的目標為成為機長,最後導致我國民航機師赴海外尋求之生涯錨類型有:「安全/穩定型」、「自主/獨立型」、「生活型」、「技術/職能型」、「管理職能」、「服務型」、「挑戰型」等七種。 我國民航機師想要在這個工作與組織結構變得更加動盪的時代,制定出一個終身適用,量身打造的「生涯錨」已是不可能,必須要能隨時隨地的彈性調整,做好生涯管理,來面對這多變的時代。重要的還要有「重開機」的勇氣,重新定義自己,才能自我轉化,對自己的生涯規劃與選擇,提出嶄新的思維,並付諸行動,迎接下一個人生,活出真實的自我。而組織亦應重視人力資源之策略規劃,以保持組織永續經營之競爭優勢。
The purpose of this study was to explore the career development path and career anchor of Taiwan airlines pilots working overseas. The research method adopted here was the multiple-cases of qualitative research. Six Taiwan airlines pilots working overseas were interviewed. After the interviews, the contents were tape recorded and transcribed. Then, the transcript was coded and analyzed to establish the research findings and conclusions. The factors affecting their careers, and the influence of the expatriate events on them and their career anchor were analyzed. The major findings were as follows: A. There are many Taiwan airlines pilots working in Middle East, Vienna, main land China and Korea. B. The career development of these six airlines pilots appeared to be affected by the country's political and economic policy, organizational management, management style, management system, promotion system and; internal factors include: morale, respect and trust, safe retirement, and so on. C. One has a different career anchor in different career stages, and one can have many different career anchors in one time, for example the career anchor of airlines pilots in their first officer phase is to become a Captain, The career anchor of Taiwan airlines pilots working overseas are Security /Stability, Autonomy/Independence, Life Style, Technical/Functional Competence, General Managerial Competence, Service/Dedication to a Cause and Pure Challenge. In summary, the limitations, implications and recommendations of this study based on these discussions and future studies are suggested.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0095712112%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/96543
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Enthalten in den Sammlungen:學位論文

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