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Cosmopolitan Content and its Implications for Adult Education in Taiwan
Chen, Sheue Yun
ethics of the other
Abstract The purpose of this research is to analyze historical context of cosmopolitanism and cosmopolitan research, and its implications for adult education in Taiwan. At first, the study reviews the literature of classical cosmopolitanism. I collect the related issue of the citizenship, cosmopolitan citizenship and cosmopolitan competences The research results are showed as following: cosmopolitan content can divide in political-moral approach and ethical approach, based on competences. The cosmopolitan content of political-moral approach corresponds to the humanistic approach of adult education. It aims to self-improvement and reasonable citizen through Learning society and holistic education. Critical adult education in political-practices approach aims to emancipate the humanity. I reflect on the traditional cosmopolitan thoughts and suggest that adult education should turn to the ethical approach, such as constructing the worldliness in relationships, being empathic and tolerant to the alterity. The responsibility of educators is to communicate the ability to respond and the wisdom of love. According to the analysis of adult education policy, one finds that such education policy has limited effect in supporting adult to live in socially heterogeneous group. Therefore I suggest: (1) As the aims of the social education, policy of adult education should enlarged from the nation-state frame to the worldliness. (2) For cultivating the adult competence, the policy of adult education focuses on practice in the public sphere. (3) Strengthen the worldliness and the unconditional responsibility. (4) In the related planning programs, the objects are adults and the threshold level core competences. (5) focuses on the political and ethical dimension, facing the humanity and the education of alterity I think the community college and the Internet can be the interconnections board to cultivate cosmopolitan.Finally, I offer recommendations in the following respects, including: cosmopolitan education in the policy of adult education: learn to live together and learn to be as the goals; adult education as the board to communicate and understand the other; developing the cosmoplitan learning theories; concern the responsibility-ethical dimension in adult education; reflect on the Chinese cosmopolitan content and follow-up research. Keywords：cosmopolitanism, cosmopolitan right, ethics of the other, cosmopolitan competence, cosmopolitan education.
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