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A Study on the community Capability Building: From the Perspective of Community Adult Education
community capability building
community adult education
To promote community empowerment and community capability building have became the Government to promote various kinds of "community-based" policy and a basic core of work. Although funding for many years in numerous resources but there are no many researches talking about the meaning of community capacity and its construction strategy, it is a theme worth exploring deeply. Based on the study is to explore the Taiwan's current relevant ministries plans of community empowerment promotion and the current situation of community capacity building and then from the perspective of community adult education to discuss the possibility of community capacity building. In order to achieve the research purpose, this study took the deepth interview method firstly and made up their minds of selected 34 respondents’ from the Ministry of the Interior, Council for Cultural Affairs, the Ministry of Education and other central and local government departments and community-related experts and scholars in the field for individual interviews; Secondly, took the focus group method and made up their minds of selected 34 respondents from grass-roots community organizations of Chunghwa County, Nantung County, Taichung County and Taichung City to conduct four discussions with focus group. Six conclusions of this research are as below: 1.The goals of community empowerment is community capacity building. 2.The connotation of community capacity is included the value of awareness, knowledge and practice of cognitive skills, they are the basic capability to promote each community-based policy. Among them, "the self-awareness of community participation is the core of community capacity. 3.The strategy of community capacity building is to handle "learning course ", "Workshop Practice" and other community-based activities; also "blue-chip community visit," "community performance evaluation" such as dynamic community interaction and Supplemented by experiential learning. Among them, "have the study course" is the most important strategy for community capacity building. 4.The relevant factors of capacity building of affected communities, including: a) From the guidance of the central government’s policy, ability and attitude of units, the value of preferences from units, capacity and attitudes of local government with factors such as curriculum planning; b) The professional knowledge and skills from experts and guidance team, interaction and practical experience of teaching. c) From the grass-roots community organizations, motivation of community leaders, community participation and local identity factors. Among them, "experts and scholars" have the most effect to the capacity building . 5. The current plight of the issue to build community capacity, including: a) With the relevant government departments, such as the lack of Policy Act, departmentalism, passive resistance of local units; b) Regular of experts and scholars or courses planning-related, such as lack objectives of community capacity building, indicators of capacity assessment, and lack of practical experience of lecturer, curriculum planning focus on cognitive skills, and lack of civic awareness of conservation; c)About community organizations, Such as lack of practice of communities based on cognitive and cadres, the role of village and community organizations opposing process, community-based organizations are too frequent personnel changes and other issues arising from difficulties. 6. Applies community adult education to build community capacity to process a viable strategy, including: a)The strategy of the Government Department, such as a sound legal community policy, and build an inter-ministerial resources and curriculum society platform, integrated platform to build local government programs, by the senior management responsible for the coordination of inter-unit integration, government administration at all levels to implement the community-based mechanisms, make the best use of community-based evaluation to build the basis of ability to guide the community, contractor personnel to encourage informal interaction and inter-unit exchange of information, the purpose of community colleges as a return to social capacity building areas, such as the integration platform; b) And experts and scholars and curriculum planning strategy, such as the association to help nurture talent in the community seed to help clarify the goals of community capacity building to help communities and to clarify core competencies, to assist community-based resources to investigate and demand characteristics, empowerment programs to help grade classification, to help build Problem-solving team of community-oriented learning mode. Finally, this study proposed recommendations for the relevant ministries and local government, relevant experts and scholars, grass-roots community organizations and follow up researchers.
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