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A Study on Family Caregivers' Stress, Coping and Their Learning Needs-Showcasing Six Family Caregivers for Disabled Elderly as an Example
The purpose of this study is to draw the attention to realize and care the rapid increased caregivers for disabled elderly at home who bare the caring burden and stress and their needs as well. Value them, care about them and help them. Caregivers’ stresses included physically, mentally economically, socially stress. And their needs included improving caring skill, knowing social benefits information and self-development so to cope with the stresses. Plus people are not familiar with the resources of government long-term care plane and social welfare. The study is using qualitative research purposive sampling method and depth interviews with six caregivers, to understand the impact in family caregivers’ life, the way the way they cope with their stress and their learning needs through caring the disabled elderly. The results of this study indicated that family caregivers’ experiences include: 1. All the caregivers have to face some difficulties and stresses from physical, mental, economical and social problems. 2. Most of caregivers will have their own way of coping their stress after a period of caring time. Some try to change the way of negative thinking to positive thinking. Some reduce their stress through their family love support system. The study also reveals that some caregivers will take a walk, so swimming, ride the bike or go to sleep or even go eat to release their stress. 3. Caregivers will have learning needs: a. Caring skills and the related medical knowledge b. Self-development; spiritual enrichment and positive thinking. c. Learn to utilize the resources from the government long term care plane. This study suggests that: 1. The government’s long-term care plan and social welfare policies: Strengthen advocacy about the caring policies itself, working places offer elderly care during the working days. Giving allowances or lower taxes for caregivers. 2. Social welfare and health administrations: develop more branch offices to serve people. Make people that they offer medical care training class at different places. 3. Education for caregivers and elderly: Offer classes for how to be a good caregiver or how to be a cooperative elderly in high schools and colleges and adult school or the senior centers. Establish more learning centers for family caregivers.
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