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A Comparative Study of Overexcitabilities and Autism Spectrum Conditions among Regular and Different Kinds of Gifted and Talent Senior High School Students
This research primarily compares the typical qualities of overexcitabilities and autism spectrum conditions among gifted and regular students in senior high schools. The target participants of the research are different types of gifted and regular students located in the northern, southern, eastern, and middle part of the nation, with The Me ScalⅡ （N=855） and Autism Spectrum Quotient （N=846） as the primary research instrument. The analysis of the information obtained includes statistic average, percentage, and two-way analysis of variance, correlation, multiple stepwise regression analysis, etc. The main results of the research are as follows: 1. The performance of various types of subjects with different genders on The Me ScaleⅡ Students who excel in mathematics and social sciences show more significant intellectual overexcitability compared with those who excel in art or ordinary students. Peers gifted in social science also demonstrate significant imaginative and emotional overexcitability, while those gifted in art present higher emotional overexcitability, and typical developed student does not exhibit any apparent overexcitability. Gender also plays an important role in determining overexcitability. For example, males are stronger in the psychomotor, but females are more dominant in sensual and emotional overexcitability. 2. The performance of various types of subjects with different genders on autism spectrum conditions Overall, students excel in mathematics are more dominant on the autism spectrum. In social skill area, students excel in mathematics and social sciences demonstrate a more typical trait, but mathematic gifted students are more dominant in the communication field than regular students. In addition, males show stronger traits than females in communication and imagination. 3. Correlation between overexcitability and autism spectrum conditions Different types of gifted students and regular students demonstrate opposite strength, but similar directions. Emotional fluctuation overexcitability and autism spectrum conditions demonstrate a positive correlation, and overexcitability also shows a positive correlation with attention to detail, but a negative correlation with social skills. 4. Predictions on autism spectrum conditions using overexcitability The most predictable qualities about autism spectrum conditions are emotional fluctuated, imaginative, empathetic, physical, intellectual, and creative overexcitabilities, etc. Finally, recommendations on how to improve education and future research direction based on the result of the study.
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