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Not Venturing the World Alone: How the ‘Significant Others’ Affect the Career Decision-Making of Young Male Litterateurs
young male litterateurs
The thesis aims to comprehend how “significant others” and “gender stereotype” can affect the career decision-making of young male litterateurs. Considering certain social contexts and narratives, the research attempts to perceive how the litterateurs undergo influences from the significant others and how they experience life within different phases. The research subjects nine litterateurs in total, among which three come from a literary background; three with experiences in other domain; and still three with different backgrounds from literary practice. Means to collecting sources differ from case to case so as to have more precise insights into their career decision-making. The research adopts two methods– the “holistic-content” and the “categorical-content” - to conduct analysis. The former sets focus on individual development in general while the latter, according to the categories, examines mutual experiences and frustration in life among individuals. The result suggests that the subjected litterateurs are affected by diverse groups of significant others, which include family members (parents, siblings, spouses and domestic atmosphere etc.), those at schools (instructors, peers and atmosphere at school), role models（from real life, books and the media）. In addition, readership, editors, reviewers, books, and social value, and individual characters also have influences on the subjects. Regarding the dimension of gender stereotype, the subjects have met obstacles such as discrepancy between genders, socio-cultural value, financial pressure, and the sense of responsibility for families. However, with the support from the significant others, the gender contradiction could be compromised. Subjects with literary backgrounds have been given a wider choice for living, or have undergone a loose confinement on the choice; while those with non-literary backgrounds have complied with the expectation of the parents and the society, thus they have led lives without much confrontation. However, not being understood by instructors and the peers in the original field usually leaves the latter in frustration of their career in literary creation. Finally, the research suggests that parents should adopt a liberal mind and provide the children with more opportunities to explore all possibilities in life and with adequate information about occupations. Meanwhile, institutes should conduct proper education and provide consultant systems for students to develop career plans according to interests. The importance of diversity in activities should also be taken into consideration. As far as the authority’s concerned, the prospect and life-long career for litterateurs should be assisted and well planned.
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