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Lives affect lives-- A Case Study on the Teachers’ Community of Practice and the Development of Professional Capital
Teachers' practice community
Teacher professional development
Under the educational reform, the role of teachers becomes more and more diverse, and the responsibility of teachers has also become more and more important, the topic of teachers' professional competence and its growth has attracted much attention from all over the world. The accumulation of teachers' professional capital contributed to the improvement of teaching effectiveness, established a professional learning community was one of the effective ways to improve the teachers' profession, therefore, focus on the construction and operation of teachers' practice community, we also discussed the accumulation of teachers' professional capital, it helped us to break through the traditional model of teacher professional development, and got the teacher professional development to a new direction. In this study, we were used “Dandelion Teacher Practice Community” as the case study object; which we discussed its construction and operation, and the accumulation process of teachers' professional capital through this community. This study was used observation records, document analysis, and then based on the depth- interview of one convener and five teachers to collect and analysis of data. By integrated above mentioned methods, generalized the case teachers' practice community operation, and discussed the accumulation of teachers' professional capital. We found that the construction and operation of teachers' practice community were not only needed the efforts of convener, there were also needed the active participation of teachers and research teams, and then constructed the community operation mode and its characteristics. The key of accumulation and application of teachers' professional capital was Social capital, through the connection of trust relationships to facilitate the accumulation and application of Human capital and Decisional capital. Therefore, through the practice community of teachers, the Seed teachers got personalized professional development, and Collaborative teachers also enhanced their professional capital. It encouraged teachers to accumulate, share and use their professional capital. But at the same time, the community of case teachers was also faced with the challenges of scale expansion, personnel recruitment and the difficulty in the future development. Based on the conclusions of this case study, here also have some suggestions on the accumulation of teachers' professional capital, provide to educational administrative institutions, schools and community of teachers, and as a reference for follow-up studies.
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