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Junior High School Deputy Principal’s Mental Models of Decision Making in Administration:Four Case Studies
decision making in administration
The education reform in every country has concentrated on the promotion of school-based management since 1980s. The school plays an important role in the promotion of education reform and the junior high school deputy principals are significant in the movement. However, the studies of educational reform only focus on teachers and principals. Deputy principals are seldom mentioned in the literature. Moreover, there is little study about how administrative staff collects information and how their core belief influences behavior from the cognitive point of view. Hence, this thesis used qualitative case study as the research approach, through in-depth interview, think-aloud method and document analysis to collect data. The research cases involved four deputy principals recommended by scholars and experts, from different school and different years of experience. The research analyzed the background and schema which form their mental model of decision making in administration as well as the performance of their mental model when making decisions. It concretized the mental model of decision making in administration for every deputy principal and drew out the cognitive differences between senior deputy principals and the junior ones. Based on the results, the research proposes the conclusion as follows: 1. The deputy principal’s mental model of decision making in administration are formed by their life experience. 2. The formation and performance of the deputy principal’s mental model of decision making in administration are influenced and restricted by the organization culture. 3. The realization of the deputy principal’s core belief is based on the varied contents of the schema. 4. The core belief directs the performance of the mental model of decision making in administration 5. Junior deputy principals emphasizes communication and need advice from others while senior deputy principals analyze problems according to their experiences. Some suggestions for the education authority and future studies, according to the findings of this research are raised.
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