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The Development of Curriculum Design and Teaching Practice of Global Issues of International Education in Elementary Social studies Class
The purposes of this study are to develop a curriculum program integrated with issues-centered approach and global issues of international education in social studies class of the elementary school, and to investigate the students’ learning performance. This program aimed to guide students to understand the concepts of global issues, to explore the issues in order to raise their awareness, and to nurture their ability to take action. This study applied action research to 58 students in two sixth-grade classes of an elementary school in Taipei City. The program focusing on global issues lasted for 21 weeks. This curriculum project progressively explored the four important global issues such as food safety, health, human right, and air pollution through sympathetic understanding, cognitive thinking and social action to enhance students’ ability. Besides, the objective of international education was achieved in the curriculum by using the issues-centered approach that combines decision-making model, Massialas and Cox inquiry model and structured controversy model. During the author’s teaching process, qualitative methods of data collection such as participatory observation, feedback and document analysis were applied to understand the effectiveness of the program. To be noted that the researcher analyzed the difficulties in respect of curriculum development, adaptation of the theory, enhancement of ability to practice and supportive system. As a result, solutions regarding of educational objectives related to international education curriculum, arrangement of learning tasks, teaching practice, and evaluation of students’ learning performance were suggested to decrease the gap between theory and practice. For example, the teaching models should be more flexible to respond to issues nature and students’ learning styles. According to the conclusions and reflections obtained through the practice of the curriculum, the study may provide the specific recommendations to the elementary school teachers for the international education or to researchers for the future research direction and reference.
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