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Title: 國小高年級學童之網路資訊相關判斷研究
Study on the Sixth Grade Students’Web Information Relevance Judgment
Authors: 卜小蝶
Pu, Hsiao-Tieh
Wang, Ying-Chih
Keywords: 國小高年級學童
Elementary School Students
Sixth Grade Students
Web Information
Relevance Judgment
Relevance Criteria
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: 隨著網際網路的普及,國小學童因課業需求,上網查找資料已相當普遍,如何有效判斷網路資訊更形重要。本研究藉處於抽象思考轉變期之國小高年級學童為研究對象,採用實驗法、問卷調查法與訪談法,嘗試瞭解國小高年級學童對於網路資訊的相關判斷行為特性,並進一步探討個人背景對相關判斷之影響。 本研究以便利抽樣方式,選擇一所台北市立國民小學31位六年級學童為對象,進行網路資訊相關判斷實驗。實驗內容依據國小學童課業需求特性所設計之檢索任務,並針對每項檢索結果進行相關判斷及填寫問卷。本研究同時篩選6位學童進行訪談。研究結果顯示,檢索任務平均完成時間為1101秒(約18分鐘),每筆檢索結果平均須花費25.6秒的判斷時間,同時每筆檢索結果的平均點閱次數與平均瀏覽網頁數皆不高,顯示受試者的相關判斷頗為迅速,唯判斷品質仍有改善空間。就相關判斷準則之重要性排序,內容主題性、摘要主題性及語言/可理解性為前三項受試者重視之相關判斷準則。綜合實驗及訪談結果,受訪者對於相關判斷準則的運用,具有「豐富多元不重複,質精易懂有深度,解釋有據附詳圖」等特性。就個人背景對相關判斷之影響,主要結果包括:1.自評個人具有主題知識者,對於相關準則的重要性認知程度較高;2.自評個人具有主題興趣者,平均花費在每筆檢索結果的判斷時間較多。綜合上述,國小高年級學童傾向獨立解決問題,具體與抽象思考並行,且積極善用所學,以上網經驗強化判斷能力,唯常將查找課業資訊視為負擔,只求儘速完成,較少樂在其中。 根據上述,本研究建議未來在落實網路資訊素養課程上,除了教導網路資源類型與檢索技巧外,傳授網路資訊相關判斷之重要原則與使用技巧也相當重要。若能提供經驗教育,並就學童程度,適時、適度提升其相關判斷能力,將有助學童建立正確且完整的網路資訊認知。
Through the widespread of internet, in order to handle the requirements of school work, it is very common for elementary school students to surf the websites for information. Therefore, how to effectively determine the information on the websites is more important than ever. The research objects are the sixth grade students who are at the stage of abstract thinking transformation, adopts experimental, questionnaire survey and interview methods, attempts to identify the relevance judgment of sixth grade students to the web information, and further examine the influence of personal backgrounds to the relevance judgment. This study selects the research objects of 31 sixth grade students in a municipal elementary school in Taipei city through the convenience sampling method and processes the experiment of web information relevance judgment. The subject of the experiment is designed based on the search tasks according to the feature of school work requirements of elementary students and proceeded the relevance judgment and questionnaire on each search result. This study selects out 6 students as interviewees at the same time. The result shows that the average complete time of search tasks is 1101 sec. (approximately 18 mins.) and 25.6 sec. to make the judgment of the search result. In addition, the average clicks and website surfing of each search result are low, which indicates that the relevance judgments of the examinees are fast, however the quality of judgments sill required to be improved. As for the ranking of importance, topicality of contents, abstract topicality, and language/understandability of relevance criteria are the top 3 criterion that the examinees emphasize. The general experiments and results of interviews show that the application of relevance criteria of the interviewees possesses the features of diversities, quality, depth, well explained, and detailed pictures. As for the influences of personal backgrounds to the relevance judgments, the major results include: 1. those who self-evaluate themselves as obtaining knowledge of topics have higher level of recognition of the importance of relevance criteria; 2. those who self-evaluate themselves as interested in the topics spend longer time to make judgments on each search result averagely. To sum up, sixth grade students tend to solve problems independently, combine concrete and abstract thinking and actively apply what they previously learned. Enforce their ability of judgment with websites surfing experiences. However, they often view the search for school work as burdens, try to accomplish as soon as possible and feel hard to find the pleasure in it. According to what mentioned above, this study suggests that in the future, the cultivation of web information course, should not only instructs the network resource and search skills, but also the important principles and skills of relevance judgment of web information. If it is possible to provide experienced education, and improve students’ abilities of relevance judgment according to their level timely and moderately, then it will assist students to establish integrated and complete recognition on the web information.
Other Identifiers: GN0694150079
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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