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Study on the Sixth Grade Students’Web Information Relevance Judgment
Elementary School Students
Sixth Grade Students
Through the widespread of internet, in order to handle the requirements of school work, it is very common for elementary school students to surf the websites for information. Therefore, how to effectively determine the information on the websites is more important than ever. The research objects are the sixth grade students who are at the stage of abstract thinking transformation, adopts experimental, questionnaire survey and interview methods, attempts to identify the relevance judgment of sixth grade students to the web information, and further examine the influence of personal backgrounds to the relevance judgment. This study selects the research objects of 31 sixth grade students in a municipal elementary school in Taipei city through the convenience sampling method and processes the experiment of web information relevance judgment. The subject of the experiment is designed based on the search tasks according to the feature of school work requirements of elementary students and proceeded the relevance judgment and questionnaire on each search result. This study selects out 6 students as interviewees at the same time. The result shows that the average complete time of search tasks is 1101 sec. (approximately 18 mins.) and 25.6 sec. to make the judgment of the search result. In addition, the average clicks and website surfing of each search result are low, which indicates that the relevance judgments of the examinees are fast, however the quality of judgments sill required to be improved. As for the ranking of importance, topicality of contents, abstract topicality, and language/understandability of relevance criteria are the top 3 criterion that the examinees emphasize. The general experiments and results of interviews show that the application of relevance criteria of the interviewees possesses the features of diversities, quality, depth, well explained, and detailed pictures. As for the influences of personal backgrounds to the relevance judgments, the major results include: 1. those who self-evaluate themselves as obtaining knowledge of topics have higher level of recognition of the importance of relevance criteria; 2. those who self-evaluate themselves as interested in the topics spend longer time to make judgments on each search result averagely. To sum up, sixth grade students tend to solve problems independently, combine concrete and abstract thinking and actively apply what they previously learned. Enforce their ability of judgment with websites surfing experiences. However, they often view the search for school work as burdens, try to accomplish as soon as possible and feel hard to find the pleasure in it. According to what mentioned above, this study suggests that in the future, the cultivation of web information course, should not only instructs the network resource and search skills, but also the important principles and skills of relevance judgment of web information. If it is possible to provide experienced education, and improve students’ abilities of relevance judgment according to their level timely and moderately, then it will assist students to establish integrated and complete recognition on the web information.
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