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The development and evaluation of Chinese Characters Materials (Creative Elaborate Mnemonics) and the learning result to Chinese as a Second Language Learner
Creative Elaborate Mnemonics
Chinese character learning
Chinese as Second Language (CSL)
Based on the Chinese orthographic database established by Chen et al., the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Chinese Character Materials：Creative Elaborate Mnemonics of Chinese orthographic database, strokes of Chinese characters on CSL learners. There were two parts in this study. First part takes 34 English native speakers who had learned Chinese at least two years before as sample, and evaluated Chinese Character Materials (The Creative Elaborate Mnemonics.) Second part takes 23 participants who also know English very well as sample to investigate the impact of Chinese Character Materials (The Creative Elaborate Mnemonics), simple or complex strokes on effect of Chinese character learning. First part showed that the point of association Chinese character association picture and the meaning of the characters is over 3 in 5 point scale. Second part takes 23 CSLs who had learned Chinese less than three months before as sample showed that the Chinese Character Materials (The Creative Elaborate Mnemonics). Second part shows that the effect for learner is significant better than that with Characters-writing condition. However, the effect of simple or complex strokes on CSLs Chinese learning is not significant difference. There is interaction between the Chinese Character Materials (Creative Elaborate Mnemonics) and strokes in delay meaning-test. The effect of complex strokes learning on Chinese Character Materials：Creative Elaborate Mnemonics condition for learner is significant better than that with simple or complex strokes condition. In main effect, the result of Creative Elaborate Mnemonics to CSLs is significant better than Characters-writing condition. Accordingly, materials itself can link character-form and meaning together. Through Chinese Character Materials：Creative Elaborate Mnemonics, learners can further understand the Chinese characters. This study demonstrated that the effect of Chinese Character Materials：Creative Elaborate Mnemonics can be improved the way of memory coding. This study also verified the Dual-coding theory, and highlighted the importance of writing in Chinese character learning.
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