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Freshman institutional integration, satisfaction and the possibility of attrition in private technological colleges of northern of Taiwan
The purpose of this study was to conduct an analysis of freshman institutional integration, satisfaction and the possibility of attrition. More specifically, the study sought to determine whether differences existed among various freshman backgrounds and personal varieties in terms of institutional integration, satisfaction and the possibility of attrition. In addition, the study sought to determine how each of the students' perceptions related to students' overall institutional integration and satisfaction with the total educational experience. Furthermore, this study sought to determine to what degree students' overall institutional integration and satisfaction with the total educational experience related to the possibility of attrition. Data were collected from 571 full-time freshmen enrolled in the technological colleges of northern of Taiwan. Complete (usable) data were received from 553 students. Two principal instruments were used for data collection purposes: Institutional Integration Scales developed by Terenzini and Pascarella and the Student Satisfaction Inventory developed by Schreiner and Juillerat. In addition, a general information instrument was used to collect student background information. Statistical analysis was conducted by the researcher utilizing the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, SPSS Base 12.0 for Windows. The results indicated that higher initial commitment, higher activities participants, and higher academic achievement were significantly more highly integrated than all other students; higher initial commitment, commuter students, and higher academic achievement were led to significantly more highly satisfied than all other students; lower initial commitment, residential students, and lower academic achievement were led to significantly more possible attrition. High-risk students’ institutional integration and overall satisfaction are lower than the other students. Student initial commitment levels, student satisfaction levels, and student social integration levels could predict the possibility of attrition. Overall, these results indicate the importance of quality in higher education. This study offers suggestions to students, as well as the administrative and other relevant departments. It also gives directions for future studies.
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