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The Research on the Influences of Camping Courses in Junior High Schools on Self-efficacy of Adolescents—An Example from a Junior High School in Taipei County, Taiwan
learning by doing
本研究採用陳李綢與蔡順良(2006)所發展之「青少年多向度自我效能量表」為量化資料的評量工具，於實驗課程進行前與進行後，分別進行前、後測，所得資料以成對樣本t檢定(paired-samples T test)進行統計處理，並分析「整體活動回饋表」、「課堂觀察記錄表」、「教師省思札記」及「小隊誌」為質性的輔佐資料，以深入瞭解教學實驗之效果。
The purpose of this research is to explore whether the practice of camping courses has influence over adolescents’ awareness of self-efficacy. The method of the research is one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. The subjects are 34 seventh-grade students from a junior high school in Taipei County, who received a nine-unit course over a period of ten weeks. The course was conducted in two non-consecutive sessions each week, each of which lasted for 45 minutes. There were 18 sessions in total. An overnight camping was held right after the course was finished. The research took “Adolescent Multi-Domain Self-Efficacy Scale” developed by Chen and Tsai (2006) as the evaluation tool for quantified data. Pretest and posttest were respectively conducted before and after the experimental course. The data collected were analyzed with paired-samples t-test. Supportive qualitative data like “overall-activity feedback forms”, “observation record in the class”, “journals of teacher’s reflections”, “team journals”, etc., were analyzed to further understand the effects of the experimental course. The main findings are: 1.The camping course can improve “self-efficacy” of the students with “low self-efficacy”. 2.The camping course can enhance the adolescents’ self-efficacy, though with limited effects. It only significantly enhanced “self-efficacy of learning”, but not “self-efficacy f physical fitness”, “efficacy of interpersonal relationship”, “efficacy of career”, and “active and positive mindset”. 3.The students in the experimental group hold positive and affirmative attitude toward the camping course. They have higher interest to “hand-on” unit, regard the learning of the course as rewarding, and will employ in their daily life the related knowledge and skills they learned. In the end, the researcher made discussion based on the research findings, and proposed concrete suggestions for references of future school education and related researches.
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