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civic engagement attitude
civic engagement behavior
The purpose of this study was to explore the correlation between the civic engagement attitude and civic engagement behavior among the undergraduates living in the residence halls of a public university located in northern Taiwan. The aims of this study included:（1）exploring investigation in the status quo of the civic engagement attitude and civic engagement behavior among the undergraduates living in the residence halls ;（2）exploring the discrepancy in the civic engagement attitude and civic engagement behavior among the students of different personal backgrounds; and（3）exploring the relationship between civic engagement attitude and civic engagement behavior. The questionnaire survey was adopted in this study. The research was conducted by using the self-compiled “The questionnaire of Civic Engagement Attitude and Civic Engagement Behavior” with the quantification made through stratified and random sampling. The research samples were taken from the undergraduates living in the residence halls of a public university located in northern Taiwan. There were 1,000 questionnaires issued, with 903 responses received, among which 877 were valid. The questionnaire included four parts: personal background information , civic engagement attitude scale, civic engagement behavior scale, and open-ended questions. The questionnaire data were analyzed and using descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, oneway ANOVA, and Pearson’s product moment correlation. The following findings were found: （1）The civic engagement attitudes of the undergraduates tended to be positive, especially the attitude of dormitory concerns, the second was the attitude of dormitory responsibility, the third was the attitude of dormitory public affairs participation. （2）The civic engagement behavior of the undergraduate tended to be passive, the behavior on exchange of dormitory information was the highest of the five dimensions, followed by participation in residential activities, expressing opinions, participation in dormitory meeting, and engagement in dormitory autonomy organization. （3）The undergraduates who lived in freshman or senior residence halls , or had experiences of participating in interest groups , were significantly positive in civic engagement attitudes than those who lived in Social Sciences ; Law ; Medicine residence halls, or those without experiences of participating in interest groups. （4）The undergraduates who had experiences of serving in residence halls, participating in residential programs and activities , or volunteer experiences were significantly positive in civic engagement behavior than those without such experiences. （5）There were significantly positive correlation between civic engagement attitudes and civic engagement behavior . Finally, based on the results and findings of this research, recommendations for the school authority, the students and further research are presented.
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