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A Study of the development of Extension Scouting in Taiwan
The purpose of this study is to discuss the development of Extension Scouting in Taiwan, and the objectives of this research are to explore the historical development and to understand the current situation of the Extension Scouting in Taiwan. To begin the study, the researcher reviewed concerned Sccouting literature in order to outline the history development of Extension Scouting in Taiwan. The researcher also designed two questionaries to investigate the current situation of Extension scouting both in special schools and the ordinary scout units. The questionary of “Extension Scouting in Special Schools” were sent out to 27 public and private special schools in Taiwan and 24 of them were returned to the reseracher. Another questionary titled as “The participation of students with disabilities in ordinary scout unit” were sent out to scout units in schools and community-based units. There were 218 replied questionaries. The researcher found out that there are 35% of ordinary scout units accepting scouts with disabilities. These souts are mostly with learning disability, emotional disturbance, intellectual disablitiy, and Autism. The researcher also made interviews with four scout leaders who had the experiences in leading students with disabilities in his/her troops. The leaders are one from each primary school, junior high school, senior high school and aslo special school. The researcher also interviewed two scout leaders from different community-based units which accepting young people with disablities, the Blue Star scout group in Taipei and also the Chirdren Are Us Foundation Scout troop in Kaohsiung. The researcher found out that Extension Scouting provides scouts with disablities a broader stage for their life and recommended the Government and Scout Orgnaization to put more emphasis on it. Then, the researcher concluded that the current development of Extension Scouting in Taiwan is in a rather slow position, and scout leader should have knowledge and skill both in Scouting and Special Education when carries out the Extension Scouitng program, and to have more flexiablity in mind when implementing scouting program for scouts with disabilities. Lastly, the researcher made serveral suggetions to the Government and Scout Orgnzaiton on how to promote Extension Scouting.
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