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The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among personality (Big-Five), leisure constraints and leisure participation. The samples consisted of 413adults in Taipei, 358 of them were valid. The research instruments used in this study included “Personality Questionnaires”, “Leisure Participation Questionnaires” and “Leisure Constraints Questionnaires”. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, t-test. The main findings were as follow: 1. Findings about personality traits, leisure participation and leisure constraints: (1) There was significant difference between leisure anticipation and leisure participation. (2) The adults were the most likely to both anticipate and participate in “Recreation Activity”. (3) The adults were more likely to be constrained by structural factors than by intrapersonal, or interpersonal ones, when they participated in leisure activities. (4) There was significant difference in gender on “leisure participation” and “leisure constraints”. (5) There was significant difference in ages on “leisure participation” and “leisure constraints”. 2. Findings about relationship between personality traits and leisure participation: (1) There was significantly positive correlation between the “Neuroticism” and “Recreation Activity”. (2) The adults with high “Extraversion” and “Openness” tended to participate in all kinds of leisure patterns. (3) The adults with high “Agreeableness” tended to participate in “Service Activity”. (4) The adults with high “Conscientiousness” need to participate in “Relaxation Activity”. 3. Findings about relationship between personality traits and leisure constraints: (1) The adults with high "Neuroticism” were more likely be constrained. (2) The adults with high “Extraversion” were less likely be constrained. (3) The adults with high “Openness” displayed “participate more, sense more and have more structural constraints”. 4. Findings about relationship between leisure constraints and leisure participate: There was low significantly correlation between leisure constraints and “Knowledge Leisure”, “Recreation Activity” and “Relaxation Activity”. Based on the findings above, this study provided some recommendations for the government, leisure agency, school and further study as well.
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