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The study on the impact of scout-masters’ leadership styles on group atmosphere and activity involvement in Yilan junior high schools
In this study, the members of the scout association of the junior high schools in Yilan County were studied to explore the impact of the scout leadership style on the group atmosphere of the scout assciation and the degree of the involvement of the scouts in the activities. This study further proposes the suggestions regarding leading a scout association and promoting scout activities for the scout masters. To achieve the goal of the study, the research adopted questionnaire survey method. The research tool, "The study on the impact of scout-masters’ leadership styles on group atmosphere and activity involvement in Yilan junior high schools" questionnaire is adapted from questionnaires of "The study of the impact of leadership styles of the scout-masters in Tainan County on the scout association atmosphere" (Chen, 2013) and "School Scout Association Participation Modes of Junior High School Students" (Huang, 2013). After the research tools were formed, the survey over the junior high school student scouts in Yilan County was conducted. The number of questionnaires issued was 420. The actual number of valid samples was 377, and the effective recovery rate of 91.5%. The collected questionnaires were analyzed with the descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analysis methods. The results of this study are as follows: 1.The scout-master of Yilan County scout associations applied transformational leadership and transactional leadership styles alternatively so that most of the scouts in juinor high schools felt positive and aggressive group atmosphere. 2.The degree that male and female scouts involve in the activities is high. The degree of involvement of second grade scouts is higher than those of first grade and third grade scouts. 3.The leadership style of the scout-master, the atmosphere of the organization, and the degree of involvement of the scouts are positive relevant. 4.The leadership style of the scout-master and the atmosphere of the organization can predict the degree of involvement of the scouts in the activities. 5.The Yilan county group atmosphere has mediating effect on the relationship between the leadership style of the scout-master and the scouts' involvement in the activities. Finally, based on the conclusions of the research, we propose the suggestions for the scout-masters of the school and the related authorities.
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