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A Study on The Effect of Betel Nuts Quitting Program for Precancer Patients in Dentistry Clinics Abstract The main purpose of this study was to explore the effect of “betel nuts quitting program”. We would like to analyze, after our intervention, whether these target patients have developed the related knowledge of betel nuts and the oral cancer, the healthy belief of betel nuts chewing, and whether they have raised their self efficacy and behavior of quitting betel nuts. Quasi-experimental method was used. Forty oral precancer patients who had the habit of chewing betel nuts and were in the preparation for the stage of behavior changing were selected as our studying targets from the department of Oral Surgery in four teaching hospitals (TSGH, NTU Hospital, CGMH and CSMU Hospital). The experimental group with twenty subjects accepted the betel nuts quitting program. The program included three 15-minute parts. Post-test was held within one week after the intervention. The statistics methods included Chi-square test, t test and pair-t test. The major results were as follows : 1. The subject were mainly male. Their average age was 38.25. Most of them were Min-Nan. Their education level was mostly high school degree . Nearly half of them were the profession of technician. 2. As for the condition of smoking, drinking and chewing betel nuts in the past six months, nearly 80% of the subject had these three habits at the same time. About 7.5% of them had the habit of smoking and chewing betel nuts and 2. 5% had the habit of drinking and chewing betel nuts. More then 10% had only the habit of chewing betel nuts. 3. The average number of betel nuts daily use for the studying targets was mostly 1-10. Most of them have chewed betel nuts for 1-5 years or 16-20 years. Most of the targets used betel quid. Most of the betel nuts were bought by themselves. The average age of first time betel nuts chewing was 20.28. 4. The quitting program could efficiently raise the related knowledge of betel nuts and oral cancer, and also decrease the score of the perceived barriers of quit betel nuts. However, there’s no significant difference in the stage of change in quitting betel nuts between two groups. 5. In the experimental group, the mean scores of knowledge, self efficacy and the perceived susceptibility of oral cancer in the post-test were better than the scores of the pre-test. Oppositely, the experimental group’s score in the perceive barriers of quit betel nuts chewing was significantly lower than that of the pre-test, and the number of betel nuts in the post-test was significantly lower than in the pre-test.
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