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A study of Health Promoting School-Community Partnership and Relevant Factors
Health Promoting School
The purpose of this study was to investigate health promoting school -community partnership at present and relevant factors in elementary schools. A Total of 230 schools were selected from public and private elementary schools in Taipei area by using classified random sampling according to school size. Subsequently, a total of 189 questionnaires with 82.2% response rate were completed by the major school health administrators. Results of this study were as follows: 1.In terms of category of community groups, the partnership between schools and medical services was the best, followed by that between schools and parents, schools and community organizations, and the least was the partnership between schools and other public, private organizations. 2.About the building method of school-community partnership ,the rate of inviting communities for establishing in health promotion policies or programs was the fewest. In terms of shared resources of school- community resources, the most one was human resources, followed by material and financial resource. About 50% of the school and community partnerships were not equal. Schools have numerous activities was the major difficulties collaborated with each other. 3.In terms of the variables considered in this study, the willingness of parents and the amount of available resources in community were significant correlation with the five dimensions of the school and community partnership (the amount of objects, the partnership-building score, the amount of shared resources, the partnership-interaction score, and the degree of satisfaction with the partnership). Moreover, variables included the understanding degree of communities, the amount of manpower, the support /understanding degree of school personnel, the willingness of community leaders were significant correlation with four of the five aforementioned dimensions. 4.The explained variances of relevant factors for five dimensions of the school and community partnership respectively were 49.7%, 56.1%, 43.5%, 30.3%, and 35.9%. Based on the results, it is suggested that more should be done to involve communities in school affairs.Specifically, health-promoting activities should be included as part of school's annual schedule. In addition, the education or health authorities should provide incentives to encourage school staffs to participate in health promotion training activities in order to enhance their understanding and their support of the health promoting school. Last but not least, we should build the IT platform of community resources to enhance their understanding of communities. These ways are helpful to build the school-community partnership, and further make health promotion works more effectively.
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