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Applying Health Belief Model to Investigate after Meal Teeth-Cleaning Behavior and Related Factors of Senior Elementary School Students—in New Taipei City
CHUNG CHUN YI
Health Belief Model
After Meal Teeth Cleaning
Senior Elementary School Students
This study was to investigate after meal teeth-cleaning behavior and related factors of elementary school students through Health Belief Model. The subjects of this study were senior students of an elementary school in New Taipei City in the academic year of 2011. The data were collected through questionnaires. The valid respondents were 319（83.5％）. The major findings are as follow: 1.The subjects were mainly from low socio-economic family with low oral health knowledge.The more oral health knowledge one had acquired, the higher possibility of after meal teeth cleaning would be attained. Among the subjects, 5th graders outperformed 6th graders in terms of after meal teeth cleaning behavior. The subjects were not asked to use dental floss after meal. The frequency of cleaning teeth after meal demanding by the teachers was low. 2.The subjects’ scores of perceived caries susceptibility, perceived caries severity, perceived benefits of after meal teeth cleaning and the cues to action of after meal teeth cleaning were above the average, while the score of perceived barriers of taking after meal teeth cleaning action was below the average. 3.The scores of perceived caries susceptibility of 6th grade subjects were higher than those of 5th grade; meanwhile, girls’ scores were higher than boys’. The scores of perceived benefits of after meal teeth cleaning were higher among the subjects within the classes which promoted after meal teeth cleaning than those which did not. 4.The scores of self-efficacy of after meal teeth cleaning were on the average. The scores would be higher, if notification or encouragement, school demanding and sufficient dental cleaning equipment were provided. 5.The subjects’ scores of after meal teeth cleaning behavior were on the average. The behavior took place mostly in the morning after getting up, secondly before going to sleep. 6.The subjects’ after meal teeth cleaning behavior was significantly relevant to the action of using dental floss in class after meal, the cues to action of after meal teeth cleaning, and self-efficacy of after meal teeth cleaning. Among them, self-efficacy of after meal teeth cleaning had the most significant influence.
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