Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Correlation between Personality Traits and Well-being —A study of Kaohsiung junior high school students
junior high school students
以2011年高雄市某國中971位學生為研究母群體，採橫斷式調查法，以問卷方式進行資料收集，共發出340份問卷，回收340份問卷，有效問卷335份，有效回收率為98.5％。以統計套裝軟體SPSS for Windows 19.0 中文版進行平均數、標準差、t考驗、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關及複迴歸分析等統計方式，以完成資料的統計分析。
The main purpose of this study was to understand the state of junior high school students’ personality traits and well-being; to compare the differences in personality and well-being between individuals of differing backgrounds and further, to explore the correlation between personality traits and well-being, as well as whether it was the ability to predict a student’s well-being with information on their background variables and personality traits. The subjects were 971 junior high school students in Kaoshiung. A cross-sectional survey was adapted and data was collected in questionnaires. A total of 340 questionnaires were issued, with 335 valid questionnaires, (a 98.5% valid response rate). The data were analyzed with SPSS for windows 19.0, calculating mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s product-moment correlation, and multiple regression. The major conclusions were as follows: 1.Personality traits of participants trend in a positive direction. Personality traits were divided into five level categories: “agreeableness” was the one with the highest score, and then,in order: “openness”,”extroversion”, ”conscientiousness”and finally “neuroticism” as the lowest score. 2.Well-being of participants trended in a positive direction. Well-being was divided into five level categories: “co-relationship” had the highest score, followed by, in order, “soundness of body and mind”, “positive and negative emotion”, “life satisfaction”, and the lowest score, “self-affirmation”. 3.”Neuroticism” of personality traits differs significantly between students of different gender. Average “neuroticism” of male students was higher than that of females. 4.Participants’ “overall well-being”, “self-affirmaton”, “co-relationship” , “soundness of body and mind” significantly differ between students with different grade point averages. The well-being score of students with higher grade point averages were higher than those with lower grades. 5.Participants’ scores in “life satisfaction” level of well-being significantly differ between students in different grades (i.e. year in school). Seventh-grade students’ scores were much higher than ninth-grade students’ scores for this level. 6.Junior high school students’ “overall personality traits” and all its layers and “overall well-being” and all its layers showed significant positive correlation. 7.Five prediction variables—“gender”, “grade”, “grade point average”, “socioeconomic status” and “personality traits”—could explain the 44% total variation of well-being. Personality traits are the strongest predictor.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.