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The Study on the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Using medication among the junior high school students: a junior high school in New Taipei City as example
junior high school students
This study aimed to investigating students in junior high school in New Taipei city for the current status of the knowledge, attitude and behavior of the correct medication ,and to explore the relationship between knowledge, attitude and behavior .And this study also understand the students in different background factors, whose knowledge and attitudes of the correct medication predicted the behavior of the correct medication . The object of study were enrolled in seven, eight, nine grades students in junior high school for the first semester of the 100 year in New Taipei city, which were a total of 2160 people.Sampling method using random stratified cluster sampling for a total of 12 classes,and 403 questionnaires were issued.401 questionnaires were recycled (Response rate of 99.5%),of which 394 questionnaires were valid (Effective answer rate of 98.3%). The main findings are as follows: 1. Under test students knowledge of correct response rate was 75% in the five core competencies of the correct medication..The only "core competencies III: clear treatment method" average correct response rate was 51%, still to be strengthened. 2. Under test students in the attitude of the five core competencies of the correct medication an average score of 3.31, are in the "consent" ~ "strongly agree". 3. The behavior of students under test in the five core competencies of the correct medication, "core competencies: clearly the practice of medicine, time and core competencies: to be the master of the body, refused to exaggerate not real products," the average score is greater than 3, between"often" ~ "always". "Core competencies: clearly express their own physical condition," core competencies: see drugs labeled "" core competence: to make friends with physicians, pharmacists' average score is less than 3, between "sometimes" ~ "often ". 4. By measuring students' personal background factors, the "grade" and "gender", "father's occupation" with the correct medication knowledge was a significant difference.Students in ninth grade, "girls", "father's occupation Professional and higher" in the knowledge level of understanding on the correct medication was significantly better than the seventh grade, "boys," the father as the following technical staff "students. 5. Background factors, family members living with the disease status (category) "," friends and family medication behaviors and attitude of the correct medication was a significant difference.Students of the under test, the category of family members living with the disease status of "1", friends and relatives medication behaviors scores high group compared with family members living with disease status in the correct medication attitude category "0", friends and relatives medication behaviors score "low" students are more positive. 6. Background factors, perceived health status, medication behaviors of the relatives and friends with the correct medication behaviors was a significant difference.Students of under test, perceived health status and friends of drug behavior scores high group, better than the low score group, "the students on the correct medication behavior. 7. Among students by measuring the correct medication knowledge, attitude and behavior showed a significant positive correlation among the three influence each other. When the medication behavior by measuring students more understanding of of the correct medication knowledge, correct medication more positive attitudes, the right performance will be better. 8. Measured the students' personal background factors (perceived health status, relatives and friends’s medication behaviors), the correct medication knowledge (core competencies IV: to do the master of the body, refused to exaggerate not real product), the correct medication attitude (core competencies II: see on labeling and core competencies V: pharmacists, physicians,be friends) explained 33.8% of the correct medication behavior of the total variance (R2 = 0.338).Which the correct medication attitudes (core competencies II: see drugs labeled) can effectively predict the correct medication behavior. For the future planning of junior high school students the correct medication education, it is recommended to strengthen the concept of the correct medication knowledge, attention to the cultivation of the correct medication attitude of and promotion health promotion activities. For future research, it is recommended to expand the selection of the study sample, to improve the survey tool, methodology and study variables, and depth to ake research results more effectively understanding of the correct medication behavior of junior high school students , as a reference for the promotion of the correct medication education.
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