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A Study on the Developmental Assets and Health-Risk Behaviors among the Adolescents in the Public Junior High Schools in Keelung City
Junior High School Student
The main purpose of this research was to explore the developmental assets and health-risk behaviors among the adolescents in the public junior high schools in Keelung City. Also, this study analyze the relationship between the developmental assets and health-risk behaviors. The sampling students was selected by using two-stage sampling. One class was randomly selected in each grade in each of the six schools, with the total effective samples being 517. The research subjects were the students in the six junior high schools from seventh to ninth grades who were in their second semester of 2009 academic year. A structured questionnaire was completed by using self-administered method to obtain quantitative data regarding social-demographic variables, developmental assets and health-risk behaviors. The data collected was analyzed by t-test, Chi-square test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation, point-biserial correlation, multiple regression, and logistic regression methods. The research findings were as follows： 1.The average score of total developmental assets of the students were in the middle level, the external and internal assets were fair. According to its four ranges of the developmental assets, external assets, internal assets, and assets of the eight categories among the students were relatively low. 2.The frequency of health-risk behaviors among the students was not high. The study showed that most students had once or twice health-risk behaviors. Among the health-risk behaviors, the higher frequency of health-risk behaviors included drinking 2. sugar-sweetened drinks, not drinking enough water, not wearing bike helmets, no regular exercises, continuously watching TV for more than two hours per day, academic pressures, sleepless became of worry, and using dirty words. 3.The developmental assets among the students were significantly different with their parents' educational levels, fathers' occupations, and family intactness. 4.The health-risk behaviors among the students were significantly different with different grades, fathers’ educational levels, fathers’ occupations, and family intactness. 5.The developmental assets among the students was negative correlated with the health-risk behaviors. 6.The seven social demographic variables could significantly predict students’ health-risk behaviors, with explained variance being 5.6%. Grade, fathers’ educational levels, fathers’ occupations, and family intactness could significantly predict health-risk behaviors. 7.Internal and external assets could significantly predict students’ health-risk behaviors, with explained variance being 37.2%. 8.Eight categories of developmental assets could significantly predict students' health-risk behaviors, with explained variance being 39.3%. Committing to learning and social competencies could significantly predict health-risk behaviors. Based on the research findings, it is recommended that by strengthening and building the development assets for the young people and linking their families, schools and communities for better supporting, it could help adolescents learn more positive experiences and offer better relationships and opportunities. It could also help young people accumulate more assets. To prevent health-risk behaviors, it is suggested to strengthen the external and internal assets and commitment to learning assets in order to lower health-risk behaviors and promote adolecent health.
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