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Bicycle Helmet Use and Related Factors among Junior High School Students- An Example of a Junior High School in Tainan County
junior high school student
bicycle helmet use
Health Belief Model
The main purpose of this study was to examine the bicycle helmet use of junior high school students, and to explore its related variables based on Health Belief Model. The subjects were selected from 7th to 9th grade students in one junior high school in Tainan County by stratified cluster sampling. Data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire. The valid samples were 371 with 86.4% response rate. The main findings of this study were as follows: 1. The scores of “perceived susceptibility of bicycle accidents” and “self-efficacy of bicycle helmet use” were below the medium. The scores of “perceived severity of bicycle accidents”, “perceived benefits of action of bicycle helmet use” and “perceived barriers of action of bicycle helmet use” were above the average. The “cues to action of bicycle helmet use” was low. 2. Perceived susceptibility of bicycle accidents of females was higher than that of males. Perceived benefit of helmet use of the 7th and 9th grade students was higher than that of the 8th grade students, and perceived barrier of helmet use of the 8th grade students was higher than that of the 7th grade students. Students of socioeconomic status level 5 had higher perceived severity of bicycle accidents than those of socioeconomic status level 2. The “perceived benefits”, “cues”, “self-efficacy”, and “bicycle helmet use” of students owning helmets were higher than those without helmets. But “perceived barriers of bicycle helmet use” of students without helmets was higher than that of owning ones. 3.Those who own helmets, with higher “perceived benefits”, “cues”, and “self-efficacy”, and less “perceived barriers” of bicycle helmet use were more likely to use bicycle helmets. 4. The variables of owing bicycle helmets, perceived benefits of action and self-efficacy are important predictors of bicycle helmet use.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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