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Title: 應用計畫行為理論探討不使用非法藥物行為意圖及性別差異-以國小高年級學生為例
Applying Theory of Planned Behavior to understand intention not to use illicit drug and Gender Difference.-A Case of Elementary School Senior-grade Students.
Authors: 郭鐘隆
Jong-long, Guo
Hui-chuan, Lee
Keywords: 非法藥物
Illicit drug
Gender Differences
Theory of Planned Behavior(TPB)
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: 目的: 根據過去研究顯示青少年非法藥物的盛行率有逐漸增加的趨勢,加上青少年階段是發展的關鍵時期,若不及早預防與提供相關教育,藥物濫用情形可能更加氾濫,故本研究針對國小學童進行不使用非法藥物行為意圖調查,並瞭解不同性別間,計畫行為理論的各相關變項對於學生不使用非法藥物意圖之預測力。 方法: 本研究採用立意取樣,以國小高年級學童為本研究對象,並以結構式問卷為研究工具,再進行統計分析。 研究結果: 一、計畫行為理論變項中,女性的主觀規範、知覺行為控制優於男性。 二、態度、主觀規範、知覺行為控制與不使用非法藥物行為意圖具有正相關,其中主觀規範、知覺行為控制的相關性最高。 三、計畫行為理論的解釋力達65.3%,其中主觀規範、知覺行為控制更具顯著性。 建議: 未來推行相關的國小藥物濫用課程可設計計畫行為理論為基礎,並搭配多元教學策略,以提升不使用非法藥物意圖。
Objectives: According to prior studies, the prevalence of abusing illicit drugs among adolescence has been increasing. Since the phase of adolescence plays an important part in human development, intervention is essential to take precautions against the trend. The purpose of the study was to examine the intention of not abusing illicit drugs among elementary school students. The related TPB variables of not abusing illicit drugs among students of different genders are examined. Method: The study used purposive sampling. 5th and 6th graders were used as participants of study. Structured questionnaires were used as the study tool, and the results were used for statistic analyses. Conclusion: 1. Among TPB variables, the scores of the subjective norm and perceived behavioral control of female were significantly higher than those in male counterparts. 2. The correlations between the variables of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control and the behavioral intention in non-using illicit drugs were all positive. Among all, the subjective norm and perceived behavioral control have the highest correlation. 3. The explanatory power of TPB is 65.3%. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that subjective norm and perceived behavioral control are more significant. Suggestions: It is suggested that illicit-drug-use prevention education among elementary school students be designed based on TPB, incorporating with multi-learning strategies.
Other Identifiers: GN0501051102
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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