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The study of psychosomatic symptoms and the related factors of the fifth and sixth grade students of the elementary school in one County of Central Taiwan
The purpose of this study was to explore psychosomatic symptoms and the related factors of the fifth and sixth grade students of the elementary school in one County Taiwan. We chose fifth and sixth graders from ten wisdom classes of elementary schools who study in 2012-2013 school year as the population in this research. A cross-sectional survey was administered to a sample of 567 students with 553 returned (97.5% response rate). The major findings of this study are: 1.In the respect of Predisposing factors, the level of subjects' self-esteem, stress adjustment and academic performance were above average. Psychosomatic symptoms were negatively correlated with self-esteem and academic performance. The subjects who are the fifth graders, living without their parents, the less of self-esteem or bad for academic performance have the poor of psychosomatic symptoms. 2.For Enabling factors, the level of subjects' teaching-counseling mechanism and learning care were above average. Psychosomatic symptoms were negative correlated with teaching-counseling mechanism. 3.For Reinforcing factors, among the 4 ingredient of parents rearing attitude, the highest was authoritative. The parent-child relationships, family support, teachers support and friends support were above average. Among the social support, the highest was family support. Psychosomatic symptoms were negative correlated with parent-child relationships, family support, and teachers support. Therefore, the authoritarian of parents rearing attitude have the poor of psychosomatic symptom. 4.The objects in the past six months were feeling low, irritable-bad temper, sleep difficulties and nervous what are four symptoms of the highest frequency almost everyday. 74.3% of the object psychosomatic symptoms occurred in more than one. 5.In the study, the grader, family structure, self-esteem, teaching-counseling mechanism, the neglecting of parents rearing attitude, parent-child relationships, friends support can effectively predict the frequency of psychosomatic symptoms among students with the R square value of 13.3 %. Then, the self-esteem in the study can effectively predict the amount of psychosomatic symptoms among students with the R square value of 4.7%. Both of them, self-esteem were the most important of psychosomatic symptoms. Finally, proposes the conclusion and the suggestion for students, families, schools and future researches according to the findings.
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