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Title: 基隆市民眾對家屬器官捐贈意願及其相關因素研究
A study of people on the wishes of the family's organ donation and related factors in Keelung city
Authors: 陳政友
Keywords: 民眾
Organ donation attitude
The wishes of the family's organ donation
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: 本研究為橫斷式研究,目的在探討基隆市民眾對家屬器官捐贈意願的現況以及相關因素。以2013年在基隆市居住的20歲以上民眾為研究對象,採多階段抽樣法,以自編結構式問卷收集資料,共收案440人。資料經處理與統計分析後,得出研究結果如下: 一、 研究對象的器官捐贈知識屬於中等程度,器官捐贈態度趨於正向,若已知家屬生前願意器官捐贈,多會遵從其意願,捐贈該家屬的器官。 二、 研究對象對「家屬器官捐贈意願」有關的變項,在基本變項方面為「職業」、「教育程度」、「宗教信仰」、「註記為器官捐贈者」;在內在因素方面為「器官捐贈態度」;在外在因素方面為「家屬間討論器官捐贈」、「民間喪葬習俗」。 三、 研究對象的基本變項、內在因素、外在因素能有效預測對家屬器官的捐贈意願,並可解釋其總變異量的20.0%。研究結果顯示,在各預測變項相互控制後,教育程度為高中(職)、註記為器官捐贈者、器官捐贈態度愈正向、家屬間未保有民間喪葬習俗者,其對家屬器官捐贈意願愈高;而職業為公教人員及其他職業(包括勞工、家管、學生及無工作者),其對家屬器官捐贈意願愈低。
The main purpose of this study was to explore people on the wishes of the family's organ donation and related factors in Keelung city, by using a cross-sectional survey. Using the adopt multi-stage sampling, we studied people aged over 20 who living in Keelung in 2013 and collect data by self structured questionnaire. There were 440 samples in this study. After data processing and statistical analysis, the results obtained are as follows: 1. The research subjects are at medium level of knowledge of organ donation, and organ donation attitude tends to positive. If they known family willing to organ donation during lifetime, and more will follow wishes to donate organ. 2. Basic variables - " occupation ", " education ", " religion ", " registered as organ donors ", internal factor - " organ donation attitude " and external factors - " discuss organ donation among family members ", " folk funeral customs " are the associated variables of " the wishes of the family's organ donation " . 3. The basic variables, internal factors, external factors in the study can effectively predict the wishes of the family's organ donation, and explain 20.0% of the total variance. By mutual controlling all predictor variables, this study shows that high school (vocational colleges) degree, registered as organ donors, organ donation attitude more positively, family members don't retain folk funeral customs, have higher willing to donate family's organ and career as public servants, teachers, others (workers, housewife, students, unemployed) have lower willing to donate family's organ.
Other Identifiers: GN0099053113
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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