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Association of health-promoting lifestyle and subjective well-being amongst Tainan elders.
health promotion lifestyles
Abstract The purpose of this study is to explore the factors relating to the health promotion lifestyles and subjective well-being of local elderly. Local elderly of Anding District, Tainan City were used as research subjects, with stratified cluster sampling to undertake a cross-sectional questionnaire study. 340 valid questionnaires were retrieved. The data was analyzed using SPSS 22.0, with the following important findings: 1、 Among the research subjects, 45% were men and 55% were women, with average age of 72; 71.5% were married. Among research subjects, healthy habits, health responsibility, healthy diet, regular exercise, and oral care in health promotion lifestyles were all medium or above, except for poorer community participation, at medium or below. The research subjects’ autonomy, environmental control, personal development, positive relationships with others, life goals, and self-acceptance in subjective well-being were all positive. 2、 Among research subjects, in health promotion lifestyles, other than “health responsibility” which did not relate to background variables, those who were married, participated in community events, have better self-perceptions of their own health also have better health promotion lifestyles including “healthy habits,” “community participation,” “healthy diet,” “regular exercise,” and “oral care”; these are worse for those who are older or have more illnesses. In addition, subjective well-being is better for those who are educated, participated in community events, and have better self-perceptions of their own health. Those who are older and more illnesses have worse subjective well-being. Research subjects’ health promotion lifestyles involving “healthy habits,” “community participation,” “health responsibility,” “healthy diet,” “regular exercise,” and “oral care” would also have better subjective well-being. 3、 The background variables and health promotion lifestyles of subjects can effectively predict their subjective well-being, explaining 23.6% of total variance. Among these, self-perception of health, healthy habits, education, participation in community events, and health responsibility are the main indicators, with self-perception of health and healthy habits having the greatest predictive ability. The study shows that those with greater self-perception of health, healthy habits, and health responsibility, and are educated and participated in community events have greater subjective well-being. This study proposed several suggestions to be utilized as reference for relevant authorities in improving the health promotion lifestyles and subjective well-being of the elderly.
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