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A Study Investigating the Learning Effect of CPR Instruction in an Elementary School, Taipei
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
The study aims at investigating the impact of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) instruction and the correlation with regard to students’ learning effect. Subjects of which are 4th, 5th and 6th graders in total 488 spread in eighteen classes from one of the Elementary schools in Wen Shen District, Taipei. The research adopts a quasi-experimental design with cluster sampling to study the learning effect of CPR instruction in three dimensions: CPR knowledge, attitude, and behavior intention. Data are collected through scores of pre-test and post-test, in addition to questionnaires at the returned rate of 96.11%. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Prior to CPR instruction, subjects presented poor knowledge on CPR, positive attitude and behavior intention were shown neutral in a slightly high status. 2. After an implementation of CPR instruction, CPR knowledge, attitude and behavior intention of the subjects showed an obvious improvement. 3. The effects of CPR instruction showed the experimental group’s knowledge, attitude, and behavior intention were superior than the control group. 4. Three factors that affected subjects’ CPR knowledge came from their past CPR experience, background of maternal education and profession and their academic achievement at school. 5. Through analysis of pretest and post test, we found that subjects who had no previous CPR experience acquired increased knowledge. Progress of the 4th graders were presented higher than the 6th graders. Higher the achievers were, better progress behavior intention of theirs was presented. 6. Factor of “grade” holds an important role of the study. The 6th graders presented a higher performance in CPR skills. 7. Better the CPR knowledge, and better the intention behavior. Better the CPR attitude, better the intention behavior. 8. Before launching of CPR instruction, CPR knowledge among the 6th graders appeared profounder than the 4th and 5th graders. However, after instruction of which was conducted, No significant difference was detected. 9. Either before or after the CPR instruction was conducted, the subjects didn’t reveal any sign of picking-up behavior attention. 10.Together with the social demographic variables and the pretest score of knowledge, the post-test score of knowledge adopting linear regression (R2=0.172) concluded that grades, family heart disease history, and subjects’ academic achievement performs as crucial accounts to predict the variables. 11.The social demographic variables, pretest and post-test score of knowledge and pretest score of attitude can predict the post-test score of attitude by using linear regression (R2=0.50). Grade, academic achievement, post-test score of knowledge and pretest score of attitude are important predictors for the linear regression model. 12.The social demographic variables, pretest and post-test score of knowledge, pretest and post-test score of attitude and pretest score of behavior intention predicted the post-test score of behavior intention by using linear regression (R2=0.569). Post-test score of attitude and pretest score of behavior intention are important predictors in linear regression model. 13.The social demographic variables, pretest and post-test score of knowledge, pretest and post-test score of attitude and pretest and post-test score of behavior intention can predict the score of CPR skills by using linear regression (R2=0.057). The study concludes that CPR instruction effectively lifted the learning effect of the 4th, 5th, and 6th graders. CPR knowledge, attitude, and behavior attention don’t differ in grades of the subjects. 6th graders performed skills of CPR much better than the 4th and 5th graders. In viewing of the above, it is suggested that promotion of CPR instruction be implanted to the lower grades in elementary schools, in hoping that CPR knowledge and skills become common and familiar to the society.
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