Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/87630
Title: 彰化市國小高年級學童睡眠品質之相關因素研究
A study on the sleeping quality and the related factors of the fifth &sixth-grade students in Changhua city elementary schools
Authors: 黃松元
陳政友
Song-Yuan Huang
Cheng-Yu Chen
陳怡文
Yi-Wen Chen
Keywords: 國小高年級
生活壓力
睡眠品質
睡眠衛生
fifth- and sixth-grade students
life stress
sleeping quality
sleeping health
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: 本論文的研究目的在於探討彰化市國小高年級學童睡眠品質的現況,並探討背景因素學習壓力及睡眠衛生與睡眠品質的關係 以自編結構式問卷,採分層集束抽樣彰化市國小高年級學童為研究對象,有效問卷共503份。本研究的重要結果如下: 一、研究對象的睡眠品質稍差,睡眠品質良好的只佔四成。 二、主觀睡眠感受方面大致上還好,睡眠潛伏期也不長,平日的睡眠時數有 8.19小時,假日有9.17小時,睡眠效率也不錯。而平日上床睡覺以父母親規定的睡覺時間與累了想睡為多數,但假日時以累了想睡占絕大多數。 三、研究對象在睡眠困擾方面,有超過半數以上的學童每週至少一次以上,睡眠時會覺得太冷或太熱而醒來、會在半夜或凌晨醒來、會在半夜起來上廁所、會想事情而睡不著、會好像怎麼睡都睡不飽。在日間功能障礙方面,有超過半數以上的學童每週至少一次以上,早上會賴床不想起來或白天覺得疲倦想睡覺。 四、研究對象的「生活壓力」、「飲食習慣」、「睡眠環境」可解釋睡眠品質總變量的23.1%。 本研究依結論提出,建議學童應建立正確的飲食觀念與電腦網路使用習慣,能適時的因應與管理課業的學習壓力,學習時間的管理與安排適當的作息。而學校與家庭應了解學童的睡眠品質是否良好,與重視學童的睡眠教育與健康的生活型態。
  The purposes of this study were to investigate the sleeping quality, and the relationships among background factors, life stress, sleeping health, and sleeping quality for the fifth- and sixth-grade students in Changhua City. The samples were selected by stratified cluster sampling from the elementary schools in Changhua city for collecting data by the structured questionnaire. The number of valid questionnaires was 503.The main findings of the study were as follows: 1. The sleeping quality of subjects was a little worse. Only the 40% of subjects had good sleep quality. 2. Most of subjects evaluated themselves as moderate toward subjective sleeping feeling, and their sleeping latency was lessthan 30 minutes. The sleeping hours for one day during weekdays were 8.19, while the ones at weekends were 9.17 hours. Their sleeping efficiency was good at both weekdays and weekends. The main reasons of everyday sleeping at weekdays were parents’ request or of fatigue but the subjects went to bed because of fatigue at weekends. 3.In sleeping problems, over 50% of the subjects were waked by feeling cold or warm, going to bathroom, and much thinking. Also, the subjects always felt that they did not sleep enough at least once a week. In daytime sleeping problems, more than 50% of the subjects were reluctant to wake up, or felt too tired at least once a week. 4.Life stress, dietary habits, and sleeping surroundings of subjects could explain 23.1% variance of the sleeping quality.   The results of the study suggest that children should have good habits of diet and computer network usage, learn how to face and deal with life stress, learn time management, and arrange appropriate work and rest. Besides, the teachers and parents should understand if children’s sleeping quality is good, and emphasize children’s sleeping education and healthy lifestyle.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0096053114%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/87630
Other Identifiers: GN0096053114
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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