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Factors Affectiong the Self-Care Behaviors of Middle-age Hypercholesterolemia women
The purpose of this study is to discuss the influence of illness acknowledge, health belief, and self-efficacy on self-care behaviors for mid-age Hypercholesterodemia women, forty to sixty-four years old, in Wen-Shan district. Based on the community screening samples of three hundred mid-age women, one hundred and ninety-five purposive samples are being used by structural questionnaire. The main results are as follows: 1. Firstly, the study objects, substantially, have competent knowledge of Hypercholesterodemia. In addition, from the perspectives of health belief for study objects, the perceived benefits of taking actions are accepted best. It is revealed that self-care behavior is more likely to be taken by health belief than the perceived barriers. Secondly, in self-efficacy, it is showed that study objects have the most confidence in diet controlling and the least in regular exercise. Finally, the self-care behavior incline to positive for study objects. Among it, the best is diet controlling, the second is regular exercise, and the least is regular follow-up and monitoring condition. 2. Firstly, study objects with university, graduated or above degree have more knowledge of illness than those with elementary degree. However, there are no significant differences between the relationship of personal basic data and health belief. Secondly, the self-efficacy on exercise, diet, and regular follow-up and monitoring behaior are severely influenced by age, occupation condition, and family illness history. Lastly, study objects with more than fifty years old or no occupation have better regular exercise, and with personal illness history have better follow-up and monitoring behavior. 3. There is a positive correlation among illness knowledge, regular exercise, and regular follow-up and monitoring behavior. However, the relation among the perceived barriers of taking actions and regular exercise, diet controlling, and regular follow-up and monitoring behavior is negative correlation. Finally, the self efficacy has significant positive-correlation influences on self -care behavior. 4. Self efficacy is the best predicting factor to self- care behavior. Key Words: Hypercholesterolemia, illness acknowledge, health belief, self-efficacy, self-care behavior
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