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Title: 臨床護理人員健康生活型態及其相關因素之研究-以新北市某地區教學醫院為例
Study on Healthy Lifestyle and the Related Factors among theClinical Nurses in an-Area Teaching Hospital in New Taipei City Taiwan
Authors: 胡益進
Jia Ling Ting
Keywords: 臨床護理人員
clinical nurses
perceived health status
health concept
Healthy lifestyle
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: 本研究主要目的在了解臨床護理人員健康生活型態現況,進而比較不同社會人口學特質在自覺健康狀況、健康概念與健康生活型態上差異情形;以及探討自覺健康狀況、健康概念與健康生活型態的間關係及健康生活型態預測因子。 以 2010年新北市某地區教學醫院251名護理人員為研究母群體,採橫斷式調查法,以自填問卷方式進行資料收集,發出180份問卷,回收178份,有效問卷176份,有效回收率達97.7%。以SPSS for Windows 12.0視窗版統計套裝軟體進行平均數、標準差、t考驗、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、薛費氏事後比較及多元迴歸分析等統計方法進行資料分析。 本研究結果分析如下: 一、研究對象健康生活型態層面,得分最高為人際支持,壓力調適與飲食營養同為得分居二,其餘依序為自我實現,健康責任,運動休閒得分最低。 二、研究對象社會人口特質之年齡在自覺健康狀況上有顯著差異。 三、研究對象社會人口學特質之年齡、護理最高教育程度在健康生活型態上有顯著差異。 四、研究對象之自覺健康狀況、健康概念與健康生活型態呈正相關。 五、研究對象健康生活型態之預測因子為社會人口學特質之年齡、自覺健康狀況與健康概念,可解釋健康生活型態總變異量的35.0%,其中以自覺健康狀況為最強的預測因子。 依據研究結果,對臨床護理實務與護理教育及醫療院所提出數項建議,作為提升推動護理人員健康促進生活型態之參考,並提出未來研究方向之建議。
The purpose of this study were to explore the present status of healthy lifestyle of the subjects; to compare the differences of the demographic variables on perceived health status, health concepts and healthy lifestyles, respectively; to describe the relationships among perceived health status, health concepts, and healthy lifestyles; and to analyze to predictors for healthy lifestyles. The subjects were the clinical nurses in an Area Teaching Hospital in new Taipei City in 2010. A cross-sectional dseign was adopted and data were collected from176 clinical nurses through self reported questionnaires, which presented a 97.7% of the valid response rate. The data were analyzed by SPSS for Windows 12.0 using mean, standard deviation, t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson`s product-moment correlation , Scheffe`s test and multiple regression analysis . The main conclusions of the study were as follows: 1.In the aspect of healthy lifestyles, the highest score was the interpersonal support, followed by stress management and nutrition with the same score, self-actualization health, responsibility and exercise the lowest score. 2.Of the demographic variables, age and significant with the health lifestyles positive correlation with health lifestyles. 3.It was found that age and the highest educational background had significant difference on healthy lifestyle, respectively. 4.Health concept and perceived health status of the subjects had a positive correlation with health lifestyles. 5.Of the demographic variables, age and, perceived health status and health concept of the subjects were the significant predictors and explained 35% of the total variance of healthy lifestyles. However perceived health status was the strongest predictor. According to findings of this study could present as references for clinical health practice and administration to promote health lifestyles among the clinical nurses and for further research in this field.
Other Identifiers: GN0095053105
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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