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The Quality of Sleep and Its Related Factors of College Students:A College as an Example
一、研究對象的平日睡眠品質總分平均為6.28 ± 2.73分，其中睡眠品質差者（睡眠品質總分>5分）佔55.8%，顯示大學生睡眠品質差者為多數，而假日睡眠品質的表現較平日好。研究對象睡眠品質表現最差的前三項依序為日間功能障礙、個人主觀睡眠品質及睡眠時數。
The Quality of Sleep and Its Related Factors of College Students:A College as an Example Abstract The objectives of this study were to investigate sleep quality and examine the effects of personal factors, life stress, physical activities, and sleep hygiene on sleep quality among college students. The subjects consisted 378 first- year students who were selected by stratified cluster sampling method from four- year bachelor’s degree program at Chihlee Institute of Technology in Taipei county. The data were collected through a questionnaire survey wich comprised five parts: personal background information, life stress, sleep hygiene, sleep quality ( PSQI ),and 3-day physical activity. The conclusions are as follows: 1.The average PSQI global score of the total subjects is 6.28 ± 2.73, 55.8% subjects are rated as poor sleepers (PSQI ﹥5).The result demonstrates that most students’ sleep quality is poor.The students’ sleep quality on weekdays is poorer than on weekends. The worst components of PSQI are daytime dysfunction, subjective sleep quality, and sleep duration. 2.The personal factors like gender, body mass index, living place, extracurricular activities, part-time job ,and internet use do not have significantly correlated with sleep quality. But the students who study in humanities and life science program and using the internet after midnight frequently had poor sleep quality. 3.High life stress and inadequate sleep hygiene had significant negative effects on sleep quality. 4.Multiple regression indicated that personal factors, life stress, sleep hygiene, physical activity on ordinary day, and moderate to vigorous intensity of physical activity on ordinary day can explain 34.8% of the total variance of sleep quality. In these variances, sleep hygiene is the best predictor of sleep quality. According to the results, this study suggests that college students should maintain good sleep hygiene and develop stress management skills for the benefit of sleep quality. Schools and parents are highly recommended to pay more attention to college students of sleep quality assessment, sleep education, and healthy lifestyle.
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